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  • Centenary 1000


    Centenary 1000 File:Map of Route Victorian Centenary 1000.jpg|thumb|width in number of pixelspx| GeneralHeld 20–27 October 1934Country AustraliaRegion VictoriaType Seven-day stage race Distance Winners Handicap Ted Stubenrauch, Vic Championship Harry Cruise, Vic The Centenary 1000 cycling race was a one-week road bicycle race over seven stages covering . The race was run in 1934 as part of the celebrations of the Centenary of Victoria. The race was originally conceived along the lines of the Dunlop Grand Prix, won by Hubert Opperman then aged 23, by 1h 20' and the concept for the race was covering with prizes exceeding £1,000, including a climb over Mount Hotham. The race attracted the top riders from Australia and New Zealand as well as Frenchmen Paul Chocque and Fernand Mithouard and Italian Nino Borsari. The Australian riders included Opperman, Richard "Fatty" Lamb, Ossie Nicholson, Hefty Stuart, Ern Milliken, Horrie Marshall and Ken Ross. Also competing were riders who would come to prominence in the following years, including Alan Angus, Dean Toseland, Clinton Beasley and Bill Moritz.

  • Buffalo, New York


    Buffalo is the second largest city in the U.S. state of New York and the largest city in Western New York. , the population was 256,902. The city is the county seat of Erie County, and a major gateway for commerce and travel across the Canada–United States border, forming part of the bi-national Buffalo Niagara Region. The Buffalo area was inhabited before the 17th century by the Native American Iroquois tribe and later by French settlers. The city grew significantly in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of immigration, the construction of the Erie Canal and rail transportation, and its close proximity to Lake Erie. This growth provided an abundance of fresh water and an ample trade route to the Midwestern United States while grooming its economy for the grain, steel and automobile industries that dominated the city's economy in the 20th century. Since the city's economy relied heavily on manufacturing, deindustrialization in the latter half of the 20th century led to a steady decline in population.

  • Black Diamond (buffalo)


    The buffalo nickel Black Diamond on the 1901 United States ten-dollar bill, drawn by Charles R. KnightBlack Diamond was a buffalo or North American bison, housed at Central Park Menagerie (Central Park Zoo); according to legend, it was the model for the US buffalo nickel coin introduced in 1913, designed and sculpted by American sculptor James Earle Fraser in 1911. Black Diamond was born in 1893 of a bull and cow given to the zoo by Barnum and Bailey. It weighed 1550 pounds (ultimately yielding 750 pounds of usable meat). It was a popular attraction at the zoo. Sick and disabled at age 22, Black Diamond was put up for auction June 28, 1915. However, no bids were received. It was purchased for slaughter in a private sale for $300 by A. Silz, inc., a game and poultry dealer. It was slaughtered November 17 and "Black Diamond Steaks" were sold for $2 a pound. Fred Santer, a New York taxidermist, mounted Black Diamond's head and turned its hide into a then-fashionable 13-foot automobile robe. In the April 1952 issue of Natural History Magazine, George S. Goodwin, the Associate Curator of Mammals at the Museum of Natural History, wrote "(Black Diamond) was an excellent object for the artistic brush. ... Despite his size, he was quite docile. This virtue made him the perfect model." However, James Fraser never said that Black Diamond had been his model, and the Bureau of the Mint has doubts as to whether any specific bison was Fraser's model, their argument being that Fraser would have been well familiar with the species already. It is also reported to have been the model for the obverse (face) of the $10 U.S. Banknote, Series 1901.

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