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- 3 causes of childhood stuttering - Wikipedia - Learn about causes of ch en.wikipedia.org/wiki The history of causes of childhood stuttering describes the efforts in the 1970s and 1980s to build small...
Possible causes of developmental stuttering include: Abnormalities in speech motor control. Some evidence indicates that abnormalities in speech motor control, such as timing, sensory and motor coordination, may be involved. Genetics. Stuttering tends to run in families. It appears that stuttering ...
Most children outgrow stuttering on their own without professional intervention. But for some, stuttering can become a life-long condition that causes problems in school and in functioning as an ...
There are three types of stuttering: Developmental. Most common in children younger than 5 years old, particularly males,... Neurogenic. Signal abnormalities between the brain and nerves or muscles cause this type. Psychogenic. This type originates in the part of the brain that governs thinking ...
When some sort of brain injury causes stuttering, it is considered to be neurogenic stuttering. Neurogenic stuttering can be associated with many different types of brain injuries including those caused by strokes, head trauma, tumors and cysts, degenerative diseases, or drug-related side effects.
Stuttering is a speech problem where the normal flow of speech is disrupted. The 3 types of stuttering are developmental stuttering, neurogenic stuttering, and psychogenic stuttering. The exact cause of stuttering is unknown. A speech-language pathologist diagnoses stuttering by evaluating your child’s speech and language abilities.
There is still a lot that is unknown about the cause of stuttering, but experts agree that it is probably caused by a combination of factors. First, genetics is believed to play a part because stuttering tends to run in families. Most children that stutter have a family member that also stutters or stuttered as a child.
But this doesn’t mean that a child who has a family history of stuttering will definitely stutter. Stuttering isn’t caused by anxiety or stress. But stuttering can cause stress, particularly for teenagers. A child can’t catch stuttering from somebody else. And a child who stutters can’t control it. When stuttering in children starts
While genetics and neurophysiology appear to be related to the underlying causes of stuttering, environmental factors, temperament, and speaking demands may influence a child's reactions to stuttering.
Speech-language pathology, also known as communication sciences and disorders in the United States, is a fast-growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about 120,000 jobs in the United States alone. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) has 166,000 members, who are audiologists, speech-language pathologists, speech, language, and hearing scientists, and speech language pathology assistants. To begin practice in most areas of the United States, a prospective therapist must have an undergraduate degree (preferably in some area of communications) and a graduate degree (with two externships; usually about 2 to 2 1/2 years) in speech pathology. A 9-month, supervised clinical fellowship year is then completed, after which the Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC) in speech pathology from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is granted. In order to be certified clinically competent the Praxis exam must be passed. In some areas the master's degree is not required.
Developmental disorders comprise a group of psychiatric conditions originating in childhood that involve serious impairment in different areas. There are several ways of using this term. The most narrow concept is used in the category "Specific Disorders of Psychological Development" in the ICD-10. These disorders comprise language disorders, learning disorders, motor disorders and autism spectrum disorders. In broader definitions ADHD is included, and the term used is neurodevelopmental disorders. Yet others include antisocial behavior and schizophrenia that begins in childhood and continues through life. However, these two latter conditions are not as stable as the other developmental disorders, and there is not the same evidence of a shared genetic liability. Developmental disorders are present from early life. Most improve as the child grows older, but some entail impairments that continue throughout life. There is a strong genetic component; more males are afflicted than females.
Elective mutism is a now outdated term which was defined as a refusal to speak in almost all social situations (despite normal ability to do so), while selective mutism was considered to be a failure to speak in specific situations and is strongly associated with social anxiety disorder. In contrast to selective mutism, it was thought someone who was electively mute may not speak in any situation, as is usually shown in books and movies. Elective mutism was often attributed to defiance or the effect of trauma. Those who are able to speak freely in some situations but not in others are now better described by selective mutism.