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Causes of pericardial effusion can include: Inflammation of the pericardium following heart surgery or a heart attack. Autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Spread of cancer (metastasis), particularly lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, leukemia,... Cancer of the ...
Other conditions that can cause these effusions include: Injury to the sac or heart from a medical procedure. Heart attack. Severe kidney failure, also called uremia. Autoimmune disease (lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others). Bacterial infections, including tuberculosis.
The most common cause of pericardial effusion is inflammation of the lining around the heart. In most cases, the exact caused is never found. In most cases, the exact caused is never found. In other cases an autoimmune reaction – where the body attacks its own cells – is the culprit.
Causes that can be treated or controlled, such as an infection due to a virus or heart failure, allows the patient to be effectively treated and remain free of pericardial effusions. Pericardial effusion caused by other conditions, such as cancer, is very serious and should be diagnosed and treated promptly.
Pericardial mesothelioma and other conditions can cause excess fluid to collect in the heart lining. Other causes of pericardial effusion include inflammation, infection and other primary cancers of the chest. Excess fluid can increase pressure on the heart, a condition called cardiac tamponade.
What causes pericardial effusion? The cause may be unknown, or it may be caused by any of the following: Diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroid hormone), or kidney failure; Infections of the pericardium caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites; Inflammation of the pericardium, called pericarditis