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  • Mann's Lick

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    Mann's Lick was a salt lick just north of the present-day Fairdale neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky. It was named for John Mann, who belonged to a surveying party of Captain Thomas Bullitt in 1773. The land was given to Colonel John Todd in 1780. When Todd died at the Battle of Blue Licks in 1782, the land went to his daughter Mary O. Todd. Joseph Brooks leased the land from Mary Todd in 1787, starting the saltworks immediately. Brooks had originally been from Pennsylvania. He and his wife Nancy had left their home in 1779, traveling down the Ohio River to Maysville, Kentucky, and then walking the rest of the way to the Louisville area. He started working at Thomas Bullitt's Bullitt's Lick salt works, near Shepherdsville, Kentucky in 1784. After acquiring the Mann's Lick salt lick, he decided to build a salt furnace. He started by constructing a hollow-log pipe to pump water to his salt furnace; remains of these hollow logs were still available to be seen in the 1940s. Due to fear of Indian attack, fortifications were built to protect the site in 1788. Due to salt being a necessary item in human life, hundreds of workers were used to obtain the salt, including numerous slaves. Some of these workers began settling on of James F. Moore's land, causing the charter in 1794 for the new town of Newtown. It was sold under numerous brands, most prominently Little Sandy Salt. The salt was considered excellent quality, prized by merchants, and was sold as far away as Lexington, Kentucky. In 1808 it was sold for $2–2.25 a bushel, although it was often traded for such goods as hemp, linen, and tobacco. At its height the salt works was operated 24 hours a day. Eventually, the salt lick went out of business, as it was not as big as other nearby salt licks, such as Bullitt's Lick, and steamboats brought cheaper salt to Louisville. By 1830 the population and salt had dwindled, and by 1890 a change in Kentucky's constitution caused Newtown to officially dissolve. The area had attained a negative reputation by Louisvillians between 1830 and 1910. From 1830 to 1860 there were various battles over who owned the land. In 1844 it was given to Margaret W. Preston, as she was the favorite stepdaughter of her father's (William Preston) wife, Polly Wickliffe. In 1870 an attempt to find oil on the land was made by the Manslick Petroleum Company. Margaret W. Preston would continue to own the land through the 1880s as she saw it as "the gift of the best friend I ever had on earth", referring to her stepmother. In 1886 it had become part of the land for a natural gas company. By 1910 new residents came to the area. As they were unaware of the site's history, they gave it a new name, Fairdale, instead of its old name of Newtown. The name lives on, as Manslick Road attained its name from the former salt lick.

  • International Harvester

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    1939 Advertisement for International "Jungle Yacht" Tractor-trailer, for a luxury tour of the Belgian Congo. Advertisement for 1940 International Tanker Truck The International Harvester Company (abbreviated first IHC and later IH) was a United States manufacturer of agricultural machinery, construction equipment, trucks, automobiles, and household and commercial products. Its reorganized successor, after spin-off of several of those businesses, is Navistar International. In 1902, J.P. Morgan merged the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and Deering Harvester Company, along with three smaller agricultural equipment firms, to form International Harvester. In 1985, International Harvester sold off most of its agricultural division to Tenneco, Inc., which merged it into its subsidiary J.I. Case under the Case IH brand. Following the terms of IH's agreement with Tenneco, the remainder of International Harvester (primarily heavy trucks) became Navistar International Corporation in 1986.

  • Louisville, Kentucky

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    Louisville ( , , ) is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 29th most-populous city in the United States. It is one of two cities in Kentucky designated as first-class, the other being Lexington, the state's second-largest city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County. Louisville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark, making it one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. It is named after King Louis XVI of France. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a system across 13 states. Today, the city is known as the home of legendary boxer Muhammad Ali, the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies. Its main airport is also the site of United Parcel Service's worldwide air hub.

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