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  • Interim order

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    The term interim order refers to an order issued by a court during the pendency of the litigation. It is generally issued by the Court to ensure Status quo. The rationale for such orders to be issued by the Courts is best explained by the Latin legal maxim "Actus curiae neminem gravabit" which, translated to (English,) stands for "an act of the court shall prejudice no one". Therefore, to ensure that none of the interests of the parties to the litigation are harmed, the court may issue an interim order. Interim orders issued by the court may be of various kinds. The nature of the order essentially depends on the direction issued by the Court. Some examples of court orders classified as interim orders include: Restraining orders (also called Injunction), which are issued to stop either party from acting in a particular manner during the pendency of the civil action.

  • Mail-order bride

    serch.it?q=Mail-order-bride

    A mail-order bride is a woman who lists herself in catalogs and is selected by a man for marriage. In the nineteenth-century U.S., mail-order brides came from well-developed areas on the Eastern seaboard to marry men in Western frontier lands. In the twentieth century, the trend was towards women living in developing countries seeking men in more developed nations. In the twenty-first century, the trend is now based primarily on internet-based meeting places which do not per se qualify as mail-order bride services. The majority of the women listed in the twentieth-century and twenty-first-century services are from Southeast Asia, countries of the former Eastern Bloc and (to a lesser extent) from Latin America. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union large numbers of eastern European women have advertised themselves in such a way, primarily from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Moldova. Men who list themselves in such publications are referred to as "mail-order husbands," although this is much less common. The term "mail-order bride" is both criticized by owners (and customers) of international marriage agencies and used by them as an easily recognizable term.

  • Total order

    serch.it?q=Total-order

    In mathematics, a linear order, total order, simple order, or (non-strict) ordering is a binary relation on some set , which is antisymmetric, transitive, and a connex relation. A set paired with a total order is called a totally ordered set, a linearly ordered set, a simply ordered set, or a chain. Formally, a binary relation is a total order on a set if the following statements hold for all and in : If and then (antisymmetry); If and then (transitivity); or (connex property).Antisymmetry eliminates uncertain cases when both precedes and precedes . A relation having the "connex" property means that any pair of elements in the set of the relation are comparable under the relation. This also means that the set can be diagrammed as a line of elements, giving it the name linear. The connex property also implies reflexivity, i.e., a ≤ a. Therefore, a total order is also a (special case of a) partial order, as, for a partial order, the connex property is replaced by the weaker reflexivity property. An extension of a given partial order to a total order is called a linear extension of that partial order.

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