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A List of Human Bone Diseases. It serves as the framework, which anchors muscles, and protects organs such as the brain, heart and lungs. The biggest bone in the body is the femur in the thigh and the smallest is the stapes bone in the middle ear. In an adult, the skeleton comprises around 30 to 40% of the total body weight one-half of which is water.
Bone disease, any of the diseases or injuries that affect human bones. Diseases and injuries of bones are major causes of abnormalities of the human skeletal system. Although physical injury, causing fracture, dominates over disease, fracture is but one of several common causes of bone disease, and disease is in fact a common cause of fracture.
Bone affected with the disease is thickened but weak. Irregular bone structure is easily visible on x-rays. Patients may have pain in the affected bone or pain from the compression if nearby nerves (at times pain may be severe). Deformations of weight bearing bones can be seen when affected with Paget’s.
Bone diseases affect tens of millions of people in the US. Osteoporosis is the most common bone disorder. Like all parts of your body, your bones are living tissue. Your bones undergo remodeling throughout life wherein old bone is removed and replaced by new bone.
Minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, and a protein called collagen are essential for keeping the bones in a healthy condition. Deficiency of these minerals, or collagen, can therefore give rise to bone diseases. In this article, we will look into the different types of bone diseases that can affect children and adults.
After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D, and exercise. You should also avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol. Bone diseases can make bones easy to break. Different kinds of bone problems ...
Bone disease refers to the medical conditions which affect the bone.
This is an incomplete list of incurable diseases. It includes both physical and mental diseases. 1. A ---- Allergic diseases – Allergies, or Allergic diseases, are conditions in which histamines. Types of allergy include food allergies (not to be confused with Food Intolerances or Food Poisoning), atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, anaphylaxis, and allergic rhinitis (also known as hay fever, which is the most common), for example. No cure exists for allergies, but several treatments exist such as antihistamines, corticosteroids, avoiding the allergen, and allergen immunotherapy (also known as desensitization.) Asthma – Asthma is a disease that makes the bronchial tubes more susceptible to inflammation and irritation. There is no way to cure it, but there are ways to treat it so the person is not as likely to have an asthmatic episode. Adrenocortical carcinoma – A form of cancer that originates in the cortex of the adrenal gland and has no definitive cure. Alzheimer's disease Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis – Also known as motor neurone disease or Lou Gehrig's Disease Arthritis – Arthritis is a condition where one feels joint pain. There is no known cure, but there are treatments that help. Ataxia – is a neurological sign consisting of lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements that includes gait abnormality. Ataxia is a non-specific clinical manifestation implying dysfunction of the parts of the nervous system that coordinate movement, such as the cerebellum. 2. C ---- Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy – Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy is a disease in the body's blood vessels that causes a buildup of a protein that can cause the blood vessels in the brain to burst, resulting in headaches. It is commonly brought on by dementia, but can occur in a person who never had dementia. Common cold – The common cold is a disease that mutates too frequently for a vaccine or cure to be created, and is rarely fatal. Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease – This is a neurodegenerative disease. There is no treatment or cure for this disease, although there has been extensive efforts done to reduce the chance of being infected with it. Crohn's disease-This is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflamation in the intestinal tract. It cannot be cured, but can be managed with medications and surgery. Coeliac disease – Coeliac (or celiac) disease is a chronic, multiple-organ autoimmune disorder primarily affecting the small intestine caused by the ingestion of gluten, that appears in genetically predisposed people of all ages. "Non-classic" presentation is the most common type, especially in older children (over 2 years old), adolescents, and adults. It is characterized by mild, fluctuating or even apparently absent gastrointestinal symptoms and a wide spectrum of non-intestinal manifestations that can involve any organ of the body, frequent negativity of serological markers (TG2), and minor mucosal lesions, without atrophy of the intestinal villi. Most cases remain unrecognized and undiagnosed. Untreated, it can cause many health complications and associated disorders, among which an increased risk of several types of cancer and greater mortality are included. Currently there is no cure and the only known effective treatment is a strict lifelong gluten-free diet, which leads to recovery of the intestinal mucosa, improves symptoms and reduces risk of developing complications in most people. Cystic Fibrosis 3. D ---- Desmoplastic small-round-cell tumor – A rare cancer that has no standardised treatment or cure. Diabetes – Diabetes is a common disorder that impairs the body's ability to produce and use insulin. There is no cure for it, but there are effective treatment plans to help control it. Dupuytren's disease – inherited, no cure, few treaments, nodules, cords, contractures, of one or both hands. Associated diseases: Ledderhose (feet), frozen shoulder, Peyronie's disease (penis). 4. E ---- Ebola virus – Although there is treatment that has resulted in patients infected with this virus to have a full recovery, there is no vaccine or cure available. However, there are currently two potential vaccines that are under evaluation by the WHO. The only way to currently recover from this virus is to have a constant stream of medication and fluids. Epilepsy – While epilepsy can be considered to be resolved for "individuals who had an age-dependent epilepsy syndrome but are now past the applicable age or those who have remained seizure-free for the last 10 years, with no seizure medicines for the last 5 years", those with a history of epilepsy that is now considered resolved have a greater risk of seizures than the baseline unaffected population and there is no guarantee that epilepsy will not return in resolved individuals. 5. F ---- Factor V Leiden Mutation - is a variant (mutated form) of human factor V (one of several substances that helps blood clot), which causes an increase in blood clotting (hypercoagulability). With this mutation, the anticoagulant protein secreted (which normally inhibits the pro-clotting activity of factor V) is not able to bind normally to Factor V, leading to a hypercoagulable state, i.e., an increased tendency for the patient to form abnormal and potentially harmful blood clots. Factor V Leiden is the most common hereditary hypercoagulability (prone to clotting) disorder amongst ethnic Europeans. It is named after the Dutch city Leiden, where it was first identified in 1994 by Prof R. Bertina et al. Suspicion of factor V Leiden being the cause for any thrombotic event should be considered in any Caucasian patient below the age of 45, or in any person with a family history of venous thrombosis. Fatal Familial Insomnia – This is a prion disease that is inherited and causes insomnia and other symptoms. The average life span of a person who has Fatal Familial Insomnia is around 18 months after it developing. Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva – A genetic disorder characterised by soft tissue injuries healing into bone. Despite this, the bones do not have joints and limit mobility. Cutting off the bone results in explosive bone growth. It is genetic, and no known cure exists Fluoroquinolone Toxicity Syndrome (FQAD) – A multi-system syndrome that develops in some previously healthy patients that are prescribed an oral fluoroquinolone antibacterial drug. Fibromyalgia 6. G ---- Genetic disease – Most genetic diseases are incurable. Glioblastoma – Most frequent and most malignant human brain tumor. There are currently no curative treatments available and virtually all patients experience tumor recurrence. 7. H ---- Hepatitis B Infection of the liver caused by sexual transmission and body fluid contact. Can lead to scarring of liver and liver cancer. Herpes – Herpes is an infection marked by genital pain and sores. It is sexually transmitted if there is no protection and is very common. HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington's disease Hearing Loss(Sensorineural) Hereditary Multiple Exostoses No cure exists for this autosomal dominant hereditary disorder, although surgery to remove exostoses (growths of bone) is an option when they get to an unbearable level, and medication exists to control the condition as it can cause extreme pain in bones and joints, as well as hinder and lessen the mobility of sufferers.
1. Disorders of the skin ------------------------ Athlete's foot Callus and Corns of the Skin Onychocryptosis (Ingrown Toenail) Keratosis palmaris et plantaris