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What Does a Low Platelet Count Indicate? Platelets. Platelets are also known as thrombocytes. Hemostasis. Hemostasis is a highly regulated process that prevents excessive bleeding. Causes. Bone marrow production of platelets or those that increase platelet destruction in... Platelet Count. A ...
Thrombocytopenia is a medical term that is used to describe low platelet count. A low platelet count could be as a result of various factors. The patient could have a medical disorder that affects the immune system, leukemia or it could also be brought about by certain medications. Most cases of thrombocytopenia are mild but other cases could be fatal, especially when the patient has a dangerously low platelet count.
Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which you have a low blood platelet count. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless blood cells that help blood clot. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. Thrombocytopenia often occurs as a result of a separate disorder, such as leukemia or an immune system problem.
Mild low platelets count is less significant and means transient state, pre-recovery, or variation of laboratories. However, in severe platelets deficiency you may show superficial bleeding in the skin that appears as a rash of tiny-sized purple spots (in medical science it’s called petechiae),...
What Are the Symptoms of a Low Platelet Count? Vomiting blood. Vaginal spotting. Long or heavy menstrual flow. Persistent headache. Blurred or double vision. Abdominal pain.
This time in our health by numbers/tests series, Dr Shital Raval takes a look at our platelet count that can be determined by a routine blood test. If the platelet count is high or low from the normal range, it can provide insight into various abnormalities and blood disorders including infections and cancer.
A low platelet count is a blood disorder that has a long list of possible causes. It is also known as thrombocytopenia. Reduced platelet content in the blood is not always a serious problem.
If you have a low platelet count, you may experience: red, purple, or brown bruises, which are called purpura. a rash with small red or purple dots called petechiae. nosebleeds. bleeding gums. bleeding from wounds that lasts for a prolonged period or doesn’t stop on its own. heavy menstrual ...
Platelet transfusion refractoriness is the repeated failure to achieve the desired level of blood platelets in a patient following a platelet transfusion. The cause of refractoriness may be either immune or nonimmune based. Among immune-related refractoriness, antibodies against HLA antigens are the primary cause. Non-immune causes include splenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen), fever, and sepsis.
Bernard–Soulier syndrome (BSS), also called hemorrhagiparous thrombocytic dystrophy, is a rare autosomal recessive bleeding disorder that causes a deficiency of glycoprotein Ib (GpIb), the receptor for von Willebrand factor. The incidence of BSS is estimated to be less than 1 case per million persons, based on cases reported from Europe, North America, and Japan. BSS is a giant platelet disorder, meaning that it is characterized by abnormally large platelets.
HELLP syndrome is a complication of pregnancy characterized by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and a low platelet count. It usually begins during the last three months of pregnancy or shortly after childbirth. Symptoms may include feeling tired, retaining fluid, headache, nausea, upper right abdominal pain, blurry vision, nosebleeds, and seizures. Complications may include disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), placental abruption, and kidney failure. The cause is unknown. Usually it occurs in association with preeclampsia or eclampsia. Other risk factors include previously having the syndrome, a mother older than 25 years, and being white. Diagnosis is generally based on blood tests finding signs of red blood cell break down (LDH greater than 600 U/L), an AST greater than 70 U/L, and platelets of less than 100x109/L. If not all the criteria are present the condition is incomplete. Treatment generally involves delivery of the baby as soon as possible. This is particularly true if the pregnancy is beyond 34 weeks of gestation. Medications may be used to decrease blood pressure and blood transfusions may be required. Corticosteroids may be used to speed development of the baby's lungs, if it is early in pregnancy. HELLP syndrome occurs in about 0.7% of pregnancies and affects about 15% of women with eclampsia or severe preeclampsia. Death of the mother is uncommon. Outcomes in the baby are generally related to how premature they are at birth. The syndrome was first named in 1982.