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  • Medicine


    Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others. Medicine has existed for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture. For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism. In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science).

  • Medical procedure


    A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare. A medical procedure with the intention of determining, measuring, or diagnosing a patient condition or parameter is also called a medical test. Other common kinds of procedures are therapeutic (i.e., intended to treat, cure, or restore function or structure), such as surgical and physical rehabilitation procedures.

  • List of medical abbreviations: A


    + Sortable table Abbreviation Meaning ā (a with a bar over it) before (from Latin ante) before A assessment ap apical a.a. of each (from Latin ana ana) amino acids: A or Ala – alanine C or Cys – cysteine D or Asp – aspartic acid E or Glu – glutamic acid F or Phe – phenylalanine H or His – histidine I or Ile – isoleucine K or Lys – lysine L or Leu – leucine M or Met – methionine N or Asn – asparagine O or Pyl – pyrrolysine P or Pro – proline Q or Gln – glutamine R or Arg – arginine S or Ser – serine T or Thr – threonine U or Sec – selenocysteine V or Val – valine W or Trp – tryptophan Y or Tyr – tyrosine A1C glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c) Aa. arteria, see Artery AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm (pronounced "triple-A") AAD antibiotic-associated diarrhea AAI acute arterial insufficiency AAPMC antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis AAT activity as tolerated atypical antibody test AAL anterior axillary line AAOx3 awake, alert, and oriented, times 3 (i.e.

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