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Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced, so that glucose in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body. Symptoms include frequent urination, lethargy, excessive thirst, and hunger.
Medical Definition of diabetes mellitus : a variable disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors and usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, by excessive urine production, by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine, and by thirst, hunger, and loss of weight — see type 1 diabetes , type 2 diabetes
Medical Definition of Diabetes mellitus Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Diabetes mellitus : More commonly referred to as " diabetes " -- a chronic disease associated with abnormally high levels of the sugar glucose in the blood.
an autoimmune disease characterized by inability to metabolize fuels, carbohydrates, protein, and fat because of absolute insulin deficiency. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but its incidence is more common in children, where it is the most common chronic disease of childhood.
Characteristics Mean or frequency Age (years) 60 [+ or -] 12 Gender Male 35 (47) Female 39 (53) History of diabetes mellitus type 2 Negative 39 (53) Positive 35 (47) History of systemic hypertension Negative 43 (58) Positive 31 (42) Continuous data are presented as means and standard deviations (separated by a plus-minus sign).
Type 2 diabetes mellitus. One of the two major types of diabetes mellitus, characterized by late age of onset (30 years or older), insulin resistance, high levels of blood sugar, and little or no need for supple-mental insulin. It was formerly known as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Prediabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to diagnose diabetes are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high. This stage is often referred to as the "grey area". It is not a disease; the American Diabetes Association says, "Prediabetes should not be viewed as a clinical entity in its own right but rather as an increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Prediabetes is associated with obesity (especially abdominal or visceral obesity), dyslipidemia with high triglycerides and/or low HDL cholesterol, and hypertension." It is thus a metabolic diathesis or syndrome, and it usually involves no symptoms and only high blood sugar as the sole sign. Impaired fasting blood sugar and impaired glucose tolerance are two forms of prediabetes that are similar in clinical definition (glucose levels too high for their context) but are physiologically distinct. Insulin resistance, the insulin resistance syndrome (metabolic syndrome or syndrome X), and prediabetes are closely related to one another and have overlapping aspects.