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  • Hot flash

    serch.it?q=Hot-flash

    Hot flashes (American English) or hot flushes (British English) are a form of flushing due to reduced levels of estradiol. Hot flashes are a symptom which may have several other causes, but which is often caused by the changing hormone levels that are characteristic of menopause. They are typically experienced as a feeling of intense heat with sweating and rapid heartbeat, and may typically last from 2 to 30 minutes for each occurrence.

  • Hormone therapy

    serch.it?q=Hormone-therapy

    Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment. Treatment with hormone antagonists may also be referred to as hormonal therapy or antihormone therapy. The most general classes of hormone therapy are oncologic hormone therapy, hormone replacement therapy (for menopause), androgen replacement therapy (ART), and transgender hormone therapy. 1. Types -------- Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also known as menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), is for women suffering from menopausal symptoms. It is based on the idea that the treatment may prevent discomfort caused by diminished circulating estrogen and progesterone hormones, or in the case of the surgically or prematurely menopausal, that it may prolong life and may reduce incidence of dementia. It involves the use of one or more of a group of medications designed to artificially boost hormone levels. The main types of hormones involved are estrogen, progesterone, or progestins, and sometimes, testosterone. It is often referred to as "treatment" rather than therapy. Androgen replacement therapy (ART) in males with low levels of testosterone due to disease or aging. It is a hormone treatment often prescribed to counter the effects of male hypogonadism or who for men who have lost their testicular function to disease, cancer, or other causes. It is sometimes used for late-onset hypogonadism (so-called "andropause"), but the significance of a decrease in testosterone levels is debated and its treatment with replacement is controversial. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) stated in 2015 that neither the benefits nor the safety of testosterone have been established in older men with low testosterone levels. Transgender hormone therapy for transgender people introduces hormones associated with the gender that the patient identifies with (notably testosterone for transgender men and estrogen for transgender women). Some intersex people may also receive HRT. Cross-sex hormone treatment for transgender individuals is divided into two main types: feminizing hormone therapy and masculinizing hormone therapy. Feminizing hormone therapy in sex reassignment therapy for transgender women Masculinizing hormone therapy in sex reassignment therapy for transgender men Hormone replacement therapy for people with hypogonadism and intersex conditions (e.g., Klinefelter syndrome, Turner syndrome) Hormonal therapy for cancer Androgen deprivation therapy for men with prostate cancer Estrogen deprivation therapy for women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer High-dose estrogen therapy for women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer Chemical castration of men or sex offenders with paraphilias or hypersexuality Growth hormone therapy for growth hormone deficiency Thyroid hormone replacement in hypothyroidism Antithyroid therapy in hyperthyroidism Glucocorticoid and/or mineralocorticoid replacement in conditions such as Addison's disease Antiglucocorticoid therapy in Cushing's syndrome

  • Menopause

    serch.it?q=Menopause

    Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children. Menopause typically occurs between 49 and 52 years of age. Medical professionals often define menopause as having occurred when a woman has not had any vaginal bleeding for a year. It may also be defined by a decrease in hormone production by the ovaries. In those who have had surgery to remove their uterus but still have ovaries, menopause may be viewed to have occurred at the time of the surgery or when their hormone levels fell. Following the removal of the uterus, symptoms typically occur earlier, at an average of 45 years of age. In the years before menopause, a woman's periods typically become irregular, which means that periods may be longer or shorter in duration or be lighter or heavier in the amount of flow. During this time, women often experience hot flashes; these typically last from 30 seconds to ten minutes and may be associated with shivering, sweating, and reddening of the skin. Hot flashes often stop occurring after a year or two.

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