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  • Argentine Pila Dog

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    Don Pilichy Caniza, Medium Pila Chaqueño, 37cm at the withers.The Argentine Pila Dog (similar to the Bolivian Khala or Hairless Khala) is a hairless breed characteristically found in the north-western provinces of Argentina. It is a companion dog, ranging in size from approximately 25 cm (10 inches) at the shoulder to 45 cm (18 inches).

  • Dogs in Mesoamerican folklore and myth

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    The Aztec day sign Itzcuintli (dog) from the Codex Laud.Dogs have occupied a powerful place in Mesoamerican folklore and myth since at least the Classic Period right through to modern times. A common belief across the Mesoamerican region is that a dog carries the newly deceased across a body of water in the afterlife. Dogs appear in underworld scenes painted on Maya pottery dating to the Classic Period and even earlier than this, in the Preclassic, the people of Chupícuaro buried dogs with the dead. In the great Classic Period metropolis of Teotihuacan, 14 human bodies were deposited in a cave, most of them children, together with the bodies of three dogs to guide them on their path to the underworld. The Xoloitzcuintli is a hairless dog from Mesoamerica. Archaeological evidence has been found in the tombs of the Colima, Mayan, Toltec, Zapotec, and Aztec Indians dating the breed to over 3500 years ago. Long regarded as guardians and protectors, the indigenous peoples believed that the Xolo would safeguard the home from evil spirits as well as intruders.

  • Mexican Hairless Dog

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    The Xoloitzcuintli (), or Xolo for short, is a hairless breed of dog, found in toy, miniature, and standard sizes. The Xolo also comes in a coated variety and coated and hairless can be born in the same litter. It is characterized by its sparse hair coat and a severe oligodontia. This phenotype is a consequence of Canine Ectodermal Dysplasia caused by a mutation on the Foxl3 autosomal gene. It is also known as Mexican hairless dog in English-speaking countries, and is one of several breeds of hairless dog. In Nahuatl, from which its English name originates, its name is xōlōitzcuintli (singular) and xōlōitzcuintin (plural). The name xōlōitzcuintli comes from the god Xolotl and itzcuīntli , meaning dog in Nahuatl. A genetic study was recently conducted in order to determine the origin of the Xoloitzcuintle breed. The study did not find a close genetic relationship between Xoloitzcuintle and the Chinese Crested Dog, another hairless breed that is cited by the American Kennel Club as an ancestor to the Xoloitzcuintle.

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