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  • List of ZF transmissions

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    This list of ZF transmissions details those automotive transmissions created by the German ZF Friedrichshafen AG engineering company. There are two fundamental types of motor vehicle transmission: Manual — the driver has to perform each gear change Automatic — once placed in drive (or any other 'automatic' selector position), it selects the gear ratio dependent on engine speed and load automatically.Furthermore, they may also be manufactured solely as a gearbox, and use an entirely separate final drive unit (including its differential) – or be supplied as a transaxle, which includes both the gearbox and final drive unit within one housing.

  • Transaxle

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    Csonka transaxle from 1908 Drawing of the "Alfa Transaxle" layout, with gearbox mounted in block at the rear differential; also inboard brakes to reduce unsprung mass A transaxle is a major automotive mechanical component that combines the functionality of the transmission, axle, and differential into one integrated assembly.

  • Manual transmission

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    A floor-mounted gear lever in a modern passenger vehicle with a manual transmissionAnimation: shifting mechanism of a gearbox with 4 gears A manual transmission, also known as a manual gearbox, a standard transmission or colloquially in some countries (e.g. the United States) as a stick shift, is a type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications. It uses a driver-operated clutch, usually engaged and disengaged by a foot pedal or hand lever, for regulating torque transfer from the engine to the transmission; and a gear selector that can be operated by hand or foot. A conventional 5-speed manual transmission is often the standard equipment in a base-model vehicle, while more expensive manual vehicles are usually equipped with a 6-speed transmission instead; other options include automatic transmissions such as a traditional automatic (hydraulic planetary) transmission (often a manumatic), a semi-automatic transmission, or a continuously variable transmission (CVT). The number of forward gear ratios is often expressed for automatic transmissions as well (e.g., 9-speed automatic).

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