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  • Ross (bicycle company)


    Ross road bike circa 1980. Ross cruiser bicycleRoss Bicycles Inc. manufactured over 15 million bicycles under the Ross brand, between 1946 and 1988. The company began in Williamsburg, New York, later moving its headquarters and manufacturing to Rockaway Beach, Queens. The headquarters remained in Rockaway when manufacturing was later moved to Allentown, Pennsylvania — Sherwood Ross retooled the Allentown Pennsylvania factory and experimented in unrelated bicycle endeavors involving government contracts that put immense strain on the corporation's financials. Randy Ross moved Ross bicycles manufacturing to Taiwan to keep margins competitive and bicycle manufacturing profitable, but the decision to keep the Allentown factory working on government contracts, ultimately led to the company's demise and bankruptcy in 1988. Ross competed domestically with bicycle manufacturers including Schwinn and Huffy — and was noted as a pioneering manufacturer of mountain bikes.

  • Adjusting Rim Brakes


  • Bottom bracket


    ISO The bottom bracket on a bicycle connects the crankset (chainset) to the bicycle and allows the crankset to rotate freely. It contains a spindle that the crankset attaches to, and the bearings that allow the spindle and cranks to rotate. The chainrings and pedals attach to the cranks. The bottom bracket fits inside the bottom bracket shell, which connects the seat tube, down tube and chain stays as part of the bicycle frame. The term "bracket" refers to the tube fittings that are used to hold frame tubes together in lugged steel frames which also form the shell that contains the spindle and bearings; the term is now used for all frames, bracketed or not. There is some disagreement as to whether the word axle or spindle should be used in particular contexts. The distinction is based on whether the unit is stationary, as in a hub, or rotates, as in a bottom bracket. American bicycle mechanic and author Sheldon Brown uses axle once and spindle four times in his bottom bracket glossary entry. This article uses spindle throughout for consistency. An old American term for bottom bracket is hanger. This is usually used in connection with Ashtabula cranks, alternatively termed one-piece cranks.

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