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  • Perfumer


    A mockup of a perfume organ (lacks a weighing scale). The organ is traditionally where a perfumer works on the composition of various perfumes, however the weighing and blending of perfume samples are now mainly done by technicians in larger flavour and fragrance companies. A perfumer is a term used for an expert on creating perfume compositions, sometimes referred to affectionately as a Nose (French: le nez) due to their fine sense of smell and skill in producing olfactory compositions. The perfumer is effectively an artist who is trained in depth on the concepts of fragrance aesthetics and who is capable of conveying abstract concepts and moods with fragrance compositions. At the most rudimentary level, a perfumer must have a keen knowledge of a large variety of fragrance ingredients and their smells, and be able to distinguish each of the fragrance ingredients whether alone or in combination with other fragrances. As well, they must know how each ingredient reveals itself through time with other ingredients. The job of the perfumer is very similar to that of flavourists, who compose smells and flavourants for many commercial food products.

  • Le Labo


    Le Labo (French: "the laboratory") is a luxury perfume brand based in New York City. It was founded in 2006 by Eddie Roschi and Fabrice Penot. Esteé Lauder bought Le Labo in 2014. The Le Labo "Manifesto" states that "the future of luxury ... lies in craftsmanship" and includes a line from Hafiz and mentions of Wabi-sabi and Thoreau.

  • Richard Hudnut


    Richard Alexander Hudnut (June 2, 1855 – October 30, 1928) was an American businessman recognized as the first American to achieve international success in cosmetics manufacturing. The company once maintained separate US and European headquarters on Fifth Avenue in New York City and on the Rue de la Paix in Paris, respectively. Although his fortune had been built around cosmetics and beauty products, he preferred to be known as a "perfumer".

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