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The way you treat toenail fungus depends on which fungus you have and how bad the infection is. Your doctor may try one thing or a combination: A topical cream that goes directly on the nail. A topical nail lacquer. An antifungal prescription pill. Removing the damaged area of the nail or skin.
Toenail fungus pictures: Purple toenail fungus, Black toenail pictures, Early and late stage onychomycosis pictures. Yellowing of the toenail if left untreated.
Below are some other causes of toenail fungus; A person whose family members are already infected with the toe fungus. Individuals who often sweat while wearing shoes. People with the skin disease or psoriasis. Working in humid environments. Those people who often walk barefoot, especially in wet places.
Risk Factors of Toenail Fungus. Having a concurrent fungal infection such as athlete’s foot or jock itch increases the likelihood because of the presence of fungi. Skin conditions that causes break in the body’s defense such as psoriasis makes it easy for the fungi to invade the skin and toenails [1, 2].
Usually the infection is of the nail bed. Sometimes these bacterial nail infections causes green discoloration of the nails (chloronychia), like when the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa is involved. Pictures of Toenail Infection. Some of the pictures below are of infections of the fingernails.
A fungal nail infection happens when fungi attack the nail or nail bed and begin multiplying. Fungi can attack through small cuts or damage around the nail, and are most commonly found in warm, damp places -- like shoes, socks, and on the surfaces of public showers.Medically known as Onychomycosis, nail fungus normally
Toenail Fungus Symptoms. The symptoms of toenail fungus are quite discernable as the infection causes the nail to lose its color and as such turn abnormally yellowish, brownish or whitish. This is accompanied by the over thickness and roughness of the nail and its crumbling thereby leading to its complete separation from the nail bed.
Toenail fungus that spreads to the skin on your feet can cause athlete’s foot. Signs of athlete’s foot include itching, stinging and burning between the toes. You may also see a rash start to form. Athlete’s foot can spread to the toenails, or toenail fungus can spread to the skin.
Onychomycosis, also known as tinea unguium, is a fungal infection of the nail. Symptoms may include white or yellow nail discoloration, thickening of the nail, and separation of the nail from the nail bed. Toenails or fingernails may be affected, but it is more common for toenails to be affected. Complications may include cellulitis of the lower leg. A number of different types of fungus can cause onychomycosis including dermatophytes and Fusarium. Risk factors include athlete's foot, other nail diseases, exposure to someone with the condition, peripheral vascular disease, and poor immune function. The diagnosis is generally suspected based on the appearance and confirmed by laboratory testing. Onychomycosis does not necessarily require treatment. The antifungal medication, terbinafine, taken by mouth appears to be the most effective but is associated with liver problems. Trimming the affected nails when on treatment also appears useful. There is a ciclopirox-containing nail polish, but it does not work as well. The condition returns in up to half of cases following treatment. Not using old shoes after treatment may decrease the risk of recurrence. It occurs in about 10 percent of the adult population. Older people are more frequently affected. Males are affected more often than females. Onychomycosis represents about half of nail disease. It was first determined to be the result of a fungal infection in 1853 by Georg Meissner.
A nail disease or onychosis is a disease or deformity of the nail. Although the nail is a structure produced by the skin and is a skin appendage, nail diseases have a distinct classification as they have their own signs and symptoms which may relate to other medical conditions. Some nail conditions that show signs of infection or inflammation may require medical assistance.
Athlete's foot, known medically as tinea pedis, is a common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus. Signs and symptoms often include itching, scaling, cracking and redness. In rare cases the skin may blister. Athlete's foot fungus may infect any part of the foot, but most often grows between the toes. The next most common area is the bottom of the foot. The same fungus may also affect the nails or the hands. It is a member of the group of diseases known as tinea. Athlete's foot is caused by a number of different fungi, including species of Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, and Microsporum. The condition is typically acquired by coming into contact with infected skin, or fungus in the environment. Common places where the fungi can survive are around swimming pools and in locker rooms. They may also be spread from other animals. Usually diagnosis is made based on signs and symptoms; however, it can be confirmed either by culture or seeing hyphae using a microscope. Some methods of prevention include avoiding walking barefoot in public showers, keeping the toenails short, wearing big enough shoes, and changing socks daily. When infected, the feet should be kept dry and clean and wearing sandals may help. Treatment can be either with antifungal medication applied to the skin such as clotrimazole or for persistent infections antifungal medication that are taken by mouth such as terbinafine. The use of the cream is typically recommended for four weeks. Athlete's foot was first medically described in 1908. Globally, athlete's foot affects about 15% of the population. Males are more often affected than females. It occurs most frequently in older children or younger adults. Historically it is believed to have been a rare condition, that became more frequent in the 1900s due to the greater use of shoes, health clubs, war, and travel.