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  • PICC

    serch.it?q=PICC

    PICC may refer to: People's Insurance Company of China, a Chinese insurance company Peripherally inserted central catheter, in medicine, a type of intravenous line Philippine International Convention Center PIC C The C programming language for Microchip's PIC microcontroller Presubscribed Interexchange Carrier Charge, an interconnection payment paid between telephone companies in North America Principles of International Commercial Contracts, a document attempting to harmonize the international contract law. Proximity Integrated Circuit Card; see Proximity card Putrajaya International Convention Centre, a convention center in Putrajaya, Malaysia

  • Peripheral venous catheter

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    Standard catheter. 1. The catheter itself is composed of (a) a tip for insertion into the vein, (b) wings for manual handling and securing the catheter with adhesives, (c) a valve to allow injection of drugs with a syringe, (d) an end which allows connection to an intravenous infusion line, and capping in between uses. 2. The needle (partially retracted) which serves only as a guidewire for inserting the cannula. 3. The protection cap which normally covers the needle's tip. A peripheral intravenous catheter in place, fixed to a patient's arm with adhesives and attached to a drip. An arm board is recommended for immobilizing the extremity for cannulation of the hand, the foot or the antecubital fossa in children. In medicine, a peripheral venous catheter (PVC), peripheral venous line or peripheral venous access catheter is a catheter (small, flexible tube) placed into a peripheral vein for intravenous therapy such as medication fluids. Upon insertion, the line can be used to draw blood. The catheter is introduced into the vein by a needle (similar to blood drawing), which is subsequently removed while the small tube of the cannula remains in place. The catheter is then fixed by taping it to the patient's skin (unless there is allergy to adhesives). Newer catheters have been equipped with additional safety features to avoid needlestick injuries. Modern catheters consist of synthetic polymers such as teflon (hence the often used term 'Venflon' or 'Cathlon' for these venous catheters). In 1950 they consisted of PVC plastic. A peripheral venous catheter is the most commonly used vascular access in medicine. It is given to most emergency department and surgical patients, and before some radiological imaging techniques using radiocontrast, for example. In the United States, more than 25 million patients get a peripheral venous line each year. A peripheral venous catheter is usually placed in a vein on the hand or arm. It should be distinguished from a central venous catheter which is inserted in a central vein (usually in the internal jugular vein of the neck or the subclavian vein of the chest), or an arterial catheter which can be placed in a peripheral as well as a central artery. In children, a local anaesthetic gel (such as lidocaine) is applied to the insertion site to facilitate placement.

  • Peripherally inserted central catheter

    serch.it?q=Peripherally-inserted-central-catheter

    Chest X-ray showing tip of PICC line in the superior vena cava. Arrows provided to highlight the PICC line. Typical PICC line: Note the manual clamp at top. A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC or PIC line), less commonly called a percutaneous indwelling central catheter, is a form of intravenous access that can be used for a prolonged period of time (e.g., for long chemotherapy regimens, extended antibiotic therapy, or total parenteral nutrition) or for administration of substances that should not be done peripherally (e.g., antihypotensive agents a.k.a. pressors). It is a catheter that enters the body through the skin (percutaneously) at a peripheral site, extends to the superior vena cava (a central venous trunk), and stays in place (dwells within the veins) for days or weeks. First described in 1975, it is an alternative to central venous catheters in major veins such as the subclavian vein, the internal jugular vein or the femoral vein. Subclavian and jugular line placements may result in pneumothorax (air in the pleural space of lung), while PICC lines have no such issue because of the method of placement.

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