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  • Off-Peak Day Return ticket

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    An off-peak day return ticket is the name given to a cheap day return railway ticket (a substantially reduced two-way fare for off-peak travel) after pricing by time of travel was introduced on the British railway network in the 1960s. In the United Kingdom, a cheap day return ticket is a reduced fare charged to passengers who make their outward and return trips on the same day, usually within specified hours of the day that do not coincide with peak travel periods, such as rush hour. On British Rail services, a cheap day return was valid for off-peak services, meaning, for instance, that London-bound trains which arrived in the capital after 10am were the earliest morning trains available to passengers holding a cheap day return ticket. This type of ticket was often also sold on days with special events, such as football matches or horse races.

  • Cheap Trains Act 1883

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    The Cheap Trains Act 1883 marked the beginning of workers' train (and later, bus) services. It removed the passenger duty on any train charging less than a penny (1d) a mile and obliged the railway companies to operate a larger number of cheap trains. 1. Origin --------- The Railway Regulation Act 1844 had established the provision of third class coaches on what became known as "Parliamentary trains". This included the right of passengers in this class to take up to of luggage with them, so facilitating travel in search of work. In return, the railways were exempted from paying duty on these passengers. The duty was collected by the Board of Trade and gradually, as services improved, the Board allowed more and more exemptions, even on trains which did not stop at all stations, as required by the Act. However, as the duty collected rose to around £500,000 in the 1860s, the Inland Revenue took an interest. A test case in 1874 against the North London Railway confirmed that trains must stop at all stations for the duty to be remitted. This duty had always been irksome to the railway operators, who felt that it hindered their development. The railway operators formed the Passenger Duty Repeal Association in 1874, followed in 1877 by another group,the Travelling Tax Abolition Committee. Between them they lobbied for the complete abolition of the duty. As is usual in these cases, the government would not agree without some quid pro quo.

  • Edmondson railway ticket

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    Edmondson railway ticket size Tickets used by Ferrocarriles Argentinos British Railways Child Single with handwritten destination LMS Saltley to Birmingham New Street Third Class Cheap Day Return Edmondson ticket used by Czech railways The Edmondson railway ticket was a system for recording the payment of railway fares and accounting for the revenue raised, introduced in the 1840s. It is named after its inventor, Thomas Edmondson, a trained cabinet maker, who became a station master on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway in England. He introduced his system on the Manchester and Leeds Railway. Previously, railway companies had used handwritten tickets, as was the practice for stagecoaches, but it was laborious for a ticket clerk to write out a ticket for each passenger and long queues were common at busy stations. A faster means of issuing pre-printed tickets was needed. There was also a need to provide accountability by serial-numbering each ticket to prevent unscrupulous clerks from pocketing the fares, who now had to reconcile the takings against the serial numbers of the unsold tickets at the end of each day.

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