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  • Jammed finger

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    The term jammed finger refers to finger joint pain and swelling from an impact injury. It's the most common injury in sports. This injury tends to be very painful, and immediate treatment will usually help heal the joint faster. Most jammed fingers heal relatively quickly, if no fracture occurs. If there is a fracture, however, the healing process will take longer; anywhere from one or two weeks to several months, and the methods of healing will become more in depth. Toes can become jammed as well, but not as often as fingers.

  • Congenital trigger thumb

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    Congenital trigger thumb, or pediatric trigger thumb (PTT), is a trigger thumb in infants and young children. Triggering, clicking or snapping is observed by flexion or extension of the interphalangeal joint (IPJ). In the furthest stage, no extension is possible and there is a fixed flexion deformity of the thumb in the IPJ. Cause, natural history, prognosis and recommended treatment are controversial.

  • Scaphoid fracture

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    A scaphoid fracture is a break of the scaphoid bone in the wrist. Symptoms generally includes pain at the base of the thumb which is worse with use of the hand. The anatomic snuffbox is generally tender and swelling may occur. Complications may include nonunion of the fracture, avascular necrosis, and arthritis. Scaphoid fractures are most commonly caused by a fall on an outstretched hand. Diagnosis is generally based on examination and medical imaging. Some fractures may not be visible on plain X-rays. In such cases a person may be casted with repeat X-rays in two weeks or an MRI or bone scan may be done. The fracture may be preventable by using wrist guards during certain activities. In those in whom the fracture remains well aligned a cast is generally sufficient. If the fracture is displaced then surgery is generally recommended. Healing may take up to six months. It is the most common wrist bone fracture. Males are affected more often than females.

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