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  • List of model car brands


    This page lists model car brand names past and present. The list is inclusive with slush mold, tinplate, pressed steel, diecast zamac, white metal, plastic and resin models and toys from all over the world. A few are even made of crystal, glass, wood, coal or other materials. Some of the brands here are more toy-like and others are purely for adult collectors. Some are from design model organizations and were never intended for sale. The price of some when new was less than 50 cents, while others cost hundreds or thousands of dollars. Some are kits, some are kits that are specially handbuilt, but many are factory preassembled. Some are promotional in approach while others are solidly set in the retail realm. Some are stationary and do not roll while others roll or have friction or pull-back motors. At a different end of the spectrum, many are remote control. Models of all different sizes are represented, but the typical range is between 1:18 (about 11 inches) to 1:87 (about an inch and a half). 1. A ---- Abrex Kovove Modely Aut – Czech firm, Škoda models in 1:43, 1:24 & some 1:18. Also 1:18 scale Jawa motorcycles. Academy Plastic Model – Korean plastic model maker, mostly military vehicles. Associated with Minicraft. A.C. Gilbert Company – American manufacturer of 1:32 scale slot cars and sets, 1930s–1960s, though mostly made erector sets. Accurate Miniatures – Molded kits made for this company by Monogram. 1:24 scale. ACME - Hong Kong maker of plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 98). Action Collectibles – Mainly NASCAR, other stock car diecast, drag racing cars. Agama Racing – 1:8 radio-controlled buggy specialist Agat (previously known as Tantal) - Soviet/Russian model car brand from Saratov, making 1\43 scale metal models of Soviet and Russian car brands Airfix – British plastic car and airplane kits. Some built plastic HO military and other. Aluminum Metal Toys (AMT). American promotional model and kit company dating from 1948. Amloid – Mostly cast plastic toys, like Gay Toys or Processed Plastic – often very clever and realistic. AMR Andre Marie Ruf / AMR Century – White metal built and kits, supplied Danhausen and bought by Danhausen. AMW – German 1:87 scale (HO) plastic, mostly trucks and buses/coaches with authentic liveries. Name was changed to AWM. Anguplas - Spanish 1:87 scale maker from the early 1960s (Ralston 2007, p. 52). Anker - Plastic toys from East Germany 1960s-1970s. Name later changed to Piko (Ralston 2007, p. 111). Anson – Mostly 1:18 scale from Hong Kong, mostly European vehicles. Engine compartments can be especially detailed and colorful. Aoshima – Japanese plastic model manufacturer Aoyagi Metals Company – Japanese slot car and radio controlled car Apex Replicas – Australian producer of 1:18 and 1:43 scale diecast and resin model cars Arcade – Primitive producer of cast vehicles mainly in the 1930s ARCO - Plastic toys from USA, later diecast, but not sure if it was the same manufacturer (Ralston, 2007, p. 86). Ari Unic - East German plastic reproductions of French Norev models (Ralston 2007, p. 111). – 1980s 1:24 scale kits from Japan, became Micro Ace. Arnold – West German tinplate and later plastic toys (Ralston 2007, pp. 68,71). Artin – Chinese manufacturer of 1/64, 1/43, and 1/32 scale cars and track. Asahi – Japanese tin, but also diecast "Model Pet" series as agent in Japan for Corgi & Lone Star. Atlas – Chinese 1:76 (buses), 1:87 (tram cars), and 1:43 scale diecast models, some recasts of Norevs also reissues of old Dinkys with old packaging designs. ATMA Paulista - Plastic 1:24 scale cars made in Sao Paulo, especially notable for the Belcar DKW Vemag, apparently a promotional (Ralston 2007, p. 116). Auburn Rubber Company – Early American producer of rubber cars. Aurora Plastics Corporation – American manufacturer of 1:24 static kits and developer of the pioneering Model Motoring and AFX lines (HO) as well as 1:32 and 1:48 slot cars. AUTOart – 1:18 scale die-cast manufacturer from Hong Kong. Related to Gateway Global and Gate. AutoDux – German windup metal and plastic toys from the 1960s. Also known as Dux. (Ralston 2007, p. 78). Automodello – Hand-built, highly detailed, signed/autographed, limited and standard edition 1:43 scale resincast manufacturer. Features TVR, Griffith, Fitch, and Bricklin. AUTO METAL- AURO METAL-Yugolasvia 1:50 scale during the communist era and after it. Only build this single mode Yugo- ZASTAVA KORAL. Auto Pilen – Spanish manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:43 and 1:64. Made by Pilen S.A. Auto World – American manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:18 and 1:64, and slot cars, specialized in American muscle cars. Owned by Round 2. AWM – German 1:87 scale (HO) plastic, mostly trucks and buses/coaches with authentic liveries. Axial R/C – famous for rock crawlers. 2. B ---- Bandai – Formerly large tin plate; plastic kits; now produces toy cars often related to anime merchandising (e.g. Transformers). Bang – Italian manufacturer, later 1980s, specializing in 1:43 Ferraris, picked up where Box Models left off. Banthrico – Die cast car banks in 1:25th and other scales. Promo maker in the early 1950s. Made banks through the 1990s. Bapro - Danish toy maker in the late 1940s, early 1950s (Force 2002, pp. 30, 98). Barclay – American simple metal toys of the 1950s & 1960s – similar to Tootsietoy. Known for tiny cars about long. Base Toys – Similar to Hartoys, or Lledo, oo scale or 1:76. BBR Models – Luxury Italian 1:18 & 1:43 scale model manufacturer. Offers both diecast and resin models Bburago – Italian, made by the brothers who made Mebetoys and Martoys. Made 1:18 scale diecast popular. Beeju - British company making plastic trucks and buses (Ralston 2007, p. 16). Benbros – British diecast of different sizes. Best Box – Dutch brand of three-inch diecast models, precursor of Efsi (Force 2002, pp. 107-108). Biante – Australian 1:18, 1:43 and 1:64 scale model manufacturer Bing German manufacturer of tin-plate models Blitz Model Tecnica (BMT) – 1:8 IC track radio controlled cars late 80s through 1990s Blue-Box - Hong Kong maker of plastic cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, pp. 94–96). BoLink – radio controlled cars Bos-Models "Best of Show" - 1:87 & 1:64 1:43 & 1:18 resin car & truck models, owned by the German company : "Model Car World GmbH", made in China Boss Bodies – Slot car aftermarket 1/32 scale body manufacturer in New Hampshire, USA Box Model – Made by Grassini & Co. Italian manufacturer in the early 1980s of mainly Ferraris that later split & became Bang models & Best models. BP - Not 'British Petroleum' but 'Brothers Petersen' in Denmark, made a handful of models in the late 1940s (Force 2002, pp. 30, 96). Brekina – German manufacturer for highly detailed plastic models of the 1940s – 1970s in 1:87 scale (H0). Brimtoy - British maker of larger plastic cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, pp. 17–18). See also Wells-Brimtoy. Brio – Swedish wood toys, but also marketed diecast Saabs and other vehicles. Britbus – highly detailed bus models for British market but made in China. 1:76 scale. Britains (toy brand) – British manufacturer of soldiers and animals with Land Rovers, Jeeps & farm equipment mixed in. Brookfield Collectors Guild – Wisconsin maker of metal and plastic American promotional models. Brooklin – Handbuilt 1:43 white metal cars made in England (incl. related brands Lansdowne, RobEddie, U.S. Model Mint, International Police, Buick Collection '34–'39) Bruce Arnold Models (a.k.a. BAM) – handbuilt 1:43 white metal / resin post-war American cars. Officially licensed by General Motors. Bruder – German manufacturer, plastic large trucks, farming and construction models. Brumm – Italian manufacturer of die-cast models in 1/43 scale. BS (Beuzon et Sordet) - Simple plastic cars from France (Ralston 2007, pp. 27–28, 41-42). Buby – Argentine maker of many scales. Buddy L – Tonka like toys; mostly pressed steel. Budgie Toys – diecast cars and trucks made in England. Similar to Matchbox. Busch – German manufacturer for plastic models in 1:87 and 1:160 3. C ---- Capricorn – Italian nitro radio-controlled cars Cararama – Mostly 1:43 scale, also HO, made in China by Hongwell. Carette – Very early tinplate toys. Germany. Carrera – Current Austrian manufacturer of 1:43, 1:32, and 1:24 beautifully detailed slot cars, track, and digital control systems. Castle Toy – British die-cast manufacturer Castline – Makes M2 Machines replicas of US and Japanese cars of the 1950s to 1970s. Chad Valley – Die-cast cars and buses made in England since the 1920s. Chibi - Plastic copies of Dinky Supertoys made in Argentina (Ralston 2007, p. 115). Chrono – 1:18 scale cars, mostly of British marques from the 1960s and 1970s. Made in China. CIJ – see below – Compagnie Industrielle du Jouet. CKO – see Kellerman – pressed steel German cars and trucks. Dies later acquired by Czech firm Kovap Nachod, and still later, Kaden. Classic Carlectables – Manufacturers of Australian Touring Cars and V8 Supercars Classiques CCC – 1:43 scale resin models made in France. Cle - Name from Clement Gaget. Plastic toy cars and trucks from 1950s - 1970s (Ralston 2007, pp. 27, 45-47). Clifford - Hong Kong maker of plastic toys like the VW Transporter with opening side doors (Ralston 2007, p. 100). CM - Hong Kong maker of London / Hong Kong double decker plastic buses (Ralston 2007, p. 98). Classic Model Cars (CMC) – German manufacturer of precision high end die-cast collectible model cars and race car transporters in 1:18 and 1:12 scale. CMNL Creative Master Northcord Ltd – highly detailed die-cast bus models in 1:76 scale. Cofalu - Mostly figures and accessories but plastic motorcycles and some vehicles also (Ralston 2007, p. 47). Collectors Classics – Argentine-produced 1:43-scale models of classic American cars (primarily '50s). Comando - See Juguetes Joaquin Valero. Compagnie Industrielle du Jouet – Compagnie Industrielle du Jouet (CIJ); French die-cast manufacturer, name now brought back by Norev. Companion - Russian model car brand from Gelendzhik, making models of Soviet/Russian trucks and buses of plastic (scale 1/43) Conquest- Handbuilt 1:43 white metal cars (incl. related brand Madison). Most models made by SMTS. Line discontinued and brought back in 2005. Conrad Models – Conrad Modell; German maker of promotional trucks and some cars. Contrast Racing – Spanish large scale radio-controlled car Corally – Dutch electric radio controlled cars Corgi Toys – Introduced in 1956, the first real competition to Dinky Toys and great toy innovator. Corgi Classics Limited – Modern Corgi. Cox Models – Formerly one of the USA's most respected manufacturers of slot cars. Also model kits. Cragstan – Toy distributor of many types of toys, including diecast from Gamda Sabra of Israel marketed as Cragstan Detroit Seniors, and Japanese tinplate and plastic toys. Creation Model – Japanese nitro radio-controlled cars, known for the Infinity brand Crescent Toys – British manufacturer of die-cast models, sometimes marketing DCMT toys. Often 1950s & 1960s race cars. Boxes are reminiscent of Italian Mercury with illustrations (Ralston 2009, pp. 13, 28). Crown Premiums – Manufacturers of mint die-cast collectibles. Mostly 1:24 scale trucks and custom cars and hot rods. Cursor Models – Cursor Modell; German manufacturer of diecast and plastic promotional models and 1:43 models for the Mercedes museum. 4. D ---- Danbury Mint – Intricate 1/24th scale die casts. Come with titles and documents, though not always as good as some resin makers. Made in China. Costing around $100.00. Danhausen – German models during the 1970s, most made by other producers, became Paul's Model Art and Minichamps. DCMT – made diecast Lone Star Toys in England. Delta Systems – US radio-controlled car Design Studio – a line of Motor City USA Desormeaux – French manufacturer of 1:43 die casts. Diapet – Japanese diecast maker, made Yonezawa. Dickie Toys – More generic diecasts of the Simba-Dickie Group. Dinky Toys – the first brand of post WWII 1/43 scale toy car to be collected widely. – Japanese plastic, diecast and RC model manufacturer Dubray – or J.M. Dubray or JMD – French producer of built and kit resin Peugeots and Citroens in 1:43 scale. One of the earliest specialists in resin, appearing in the '70s. Dulcop - Simple plastic cars and trucks from Bologna, Italy (Ralston 2007, p. 67). Durham Classics – Canadian Handbuilt 1:43 white metal cars, and often, liveried trucks. Complete name is Durham Classics Automotive Miniatures. Dust & Glory – Handbuilt models of pre-WW1 American Race Cars. Dux - German plastic and diecast, see Autodux. Dynamic Models – 5. E ---- Eagle Collectibles – Later version of Eagle's Race. Eagle named later dropped. Ebbro – Japanese 1:43 scale models made by Miniature Model Planning (MMP). Edison Giacattoli – In the 1970s, mostly diecast planes made in Italy, later European model cars made in China. Efsi Toys – Matchbox sized diecast cars and trucks, successor of Best Box. Say "Made in Holland" on bases. Some Efsis made by Auto Pilen of Spain (Force 2002, pp. 107-116). EKO – former Spanish producer of 1:87 scale plastic models, partly using Anguplas moulds of the 1960s. Eldon – American manufacturer of HO, 1:32 and 1:24 scale slot cars and sets. Also a variety of plastic toy cars and trucks. – Russian factory in Kazan, mainly producing electric couplers and remote measuring equipment for civilian and military technics, but also produce 1:43 scale models of older Soviet vehicles, mainly trucks. Elegance Models – Resin kits and handbuilts by Claude Thibivilliers. Eligor Models – Swiss/French diecast model maker, mostly in 1:43 scale, made by Hobbycar, started by Louis B. Surber. Elvip / Elliniki Viomichania Paichnidion - Greek plastic toys, some similar to German Gama (Ralston 2007, p 112). EMC - Highend 1/43 scale car models produced since 1986 and produced in Kiev, Ukraine. Emek – Finnish plastic trucks in 1:25; also took over some Stahberg 1:22 scale production. Ertl Company – American company from Iowa – mostly tractors, but later took on about everything else. Espewe – Also called VEB Plasticart. East German state plastic model producer (VEB being "factory of the people"). Many former Sam Toys castings from Italy (Ralston 2007, p. 61). Estetyka - Polish producer mainly of classic cars in plastic usually about 1:50 scale (Ralston 2007, p. 109). Ex-El Products – Company reproducing Jo-Han promos during the 1980s. 6. F ---- F & F - Small plastic cars from Dayton, Ohio in the 1950s & early 1960s (Ralston, 2007, p. 85). Fairfield Mint Fairylite - Hong Kong maker of plastic toys like the Pickford's moving truck (Ralston 2007, p. 100). Fastlane – Model car brand of Toys "R" Us. Ferrero – Italian chocolate company, in the late 1970s scaled down 1:87 scale Wikings to about 1:120 to fit inside Kinder Surprise chocolate eggs. Most models were made in Hong Kong. Some were original models, and not copies of Wiking cars. FG Modellsport – German large scale radio-controlled car Fisher Body Co. – The same company that made real car bodies also made Kingsbury Toys. Fly Slot (aka Fly) – Spanish manufacturer of highly detailed 1:32 slot cars. France Jouets or FJ – French plastic and diecast maker similar to Corgi, CIJ, or Tekno (Ralston 2007, pp. 29, 45). Francorchamps - Belgian maker of Formula One race car models, possibly for sale at the Spa track (Force 2002, p. 101). Franklin Mint – Intricate die-casts, primarily 1:24 scale. French Dinky – Dinky line made in France. Fujimi – Japanese plastic model manufacturer, many scales – since the 1960s. Fujimi Resin Collection are handbuilts in the hundreds of dollars. Funmate – Japanese plastic toy and promotional maker. Funrise – More toy-like, many models of many sizes, often very creative. Furuta – Japanese maker of detailed plastic toys (including model cars), sold inside chocolate eggs. FYP Expensive and highly detailed White Metal models, specifically models by Rolls Royce and Bentley. 7. G ---- Galanite – Swedish brand of 1:43 scale soft plastic toy cars similar to Tomte Laerdal (Force 2002, p. 99). Galgo – Argentine diecast, mostly 1:43 scale. Gama Toys – Historic German producer of tin and later diecast and plastic models, of all scales. Gamda-Koor "Sabra" – Israeli diecast, sold as Cragstan Detroit Seniors in the US. Many were previously Corgi toolings. Gasquy-Septoy – Belgian manufacturer of die-cast toys, dating from the late 1940s (Force 2002, p. 100). Gay Toys – American manufacturer of plastic toys, some fairly authentic. GeGe - Named for founder Germaine Giroud of France. Realistic remote control plastic cars in the 1960s (Ralston 2007, pp. 28,45). Gescha – German maker of toys and later truck promotionals, both pre- and post-war. Gilmark - US maker of plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 85). Giodi – Italian 1:66 and 1:18 scale diecast. Gisima – Spanish manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:64 and larger scales. Goldvarg – 1990s Argentine manufacturer of 1:43 scale white metal models of American Cars from the '40s and '50s. Gonio (brand) – Artfully done detailed pressed steel military vehicles in 1:24 scale from the former Czechoslovakia. Gonio dies later taken over by Kaden. Great American Dream Machines (GADM) – Handbuilt 1:43 white metal models of mid-20th century Detroit showcars most often made by SMTS. GreenLight – 1:18, 1:43 and 1:64 scale diecast with a central focus on film and television dual-licensed items. Griffin Models – Bulgarian manufacturer of white metal models, fairly authentic vintage Saabs. 1:43 scale. Guiloy – Spanish manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:64, 1:43, and 1:24 scales. Guisval – Spanish manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:64 and 1:43 scales. – Japanese plastic model manufacturer. One series is 1:32 scale American cars from the 1950s. Guri car – Portuguese brand of diecast auto miniatures; This brand belonged to Poliguri. 8. H ---- H.A.R.M. Racing – German large scale radio-controlled car Hammer - Germany company making plastic toy cars, buses and VW vans (Ralston 2007, pp. 75–76). Hartoys AHL – Precision diecast trucks made in China, reminiscent of Lledo. Hasbro – Now owns Tonka. Many different series. Battery operated slot cars called Record Breakers. Hasegawa – Japanese plastic model manufacturer. Hawk – Classic American automobile and beatnik kits. HB Racing (formerly Hot Bodies) – radio-controlled cars, split from Hobby Products International following 2016 bankruptcy of HPI, owned by Neidhart SA Héco Modèles or Heco Miniatures – handbuilt 1:43 resin figures, dioramas, and cars (incl. various related brands such as Challange), specializing in French scenes and cars of the classic streamlined era Heller SA – French / German producer of kits. Herpa – German 1:87 (HO) and 1:120 scale (TT) plastic. Both kits and assembled. In the 1990s some diecast 1:43 and 1:64 scale cars. Hi Speed – Diecast maker of old Fire Engines – cars too. See High Speed below. High Speed – Hong Kong based maker. Diecast series fire engines and '50s and '60s cars for Readers' Digest Club mail order (about 1:55 scale). Also more high end 1:43 scale diecast LeMans racers like Porsche 904. HK - Presumably, "Hong Kong". Maker of plastic copies of Corgi toys (Ralston 2007, p. 91). Hirobo – radio controlled cars, produced for short period – Taiwanese 1:8 R/C buggies Holland Oto – Netherlands company taking over production of Efsi in the 1980s. Diecast models with plastic parts (Force 2002, pp. 108-114). Hongwell – manufacturer of Cararama brand. Hornby Hobbies – Known mostly for trains, has owned many diecast cars, models, and slot car systems along the way. Hot Wheels - Famous line of small diecast custom, sports, and racing cars by Mattel. HP - Plastic toys made in Hong Kong (Ralston 2007, p. 92). HPI Racing (formerly Hobby Products International) – 1:43 scale diecast. Often Japanese vehicles, owned by Ripmax. Hubley Manufacturing Company – American producer of metal kits, diecast cars, and plastic kits and promotional models. Husky Toys – Corgi's smaller line that competed with Matchbox. Name brought back in the 2000s with no connection to Corgi for tourism trade of Austin black cabs and UK police cars. 9. I ---- ICIS - Italian brand of plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 61). Ideal Models – original name for Jo-Han promotionals. Ideal Toy Company – Now defunct American toy company that manufactured and sold toys, slot cars, etc. Igra models – Plastic model maker from Czechoslovakia similar to Minialuxe specializing in classic Czech makes. Ilario – makers of hand-built 1:43-scale models of classic luxury cars – included related brand Chromes. Illustra – British White Metal manufacturer, recently resurrected the Minimarque Range. Also made models for Highway Travelers. – Japanese model kits, cars, motorcycles, TV vehicles. IMC (Industro-Motive Corporation) – US manufacturer kits, notably Ford products, often with opening hoods, doors, even opening hidden headlights. Bought by Hawk Models in early seventies, then purchased by Testors, later merged with Lindberg, owned by parent company RPM, now part of Lindberg again. Imperial Toys – Hong Kong manufacturer of a variety of toys, including diecast of lower quality, but sometimes clever selection. Impy – line of Lone Star toys made by DCMT. Ingap - Italian manufacturer of mostly HO scale (Ralston 2007, pp. 60–64). Injectaplastic - French Citroen CX wagons and a few other plastic models in the 1970s (Ralston 2007, pp. 28, 48). Intech – Taiwanese manufacturer of remote control offroad vehicles. Irwin - Plastic toys and cars made in the USA (Ralston 2007, p. 84). Italeri – Italian aircraft, military and civil kit manufacturer. Cars and trucks, too. Ites – Czech maker of larger Tatra, Jeep and other vehicles. Ixo – part of a conglomerate of brands from the Far East, with Altaya, Atlas, De Agostini, del Prado, IST, and Yat Ming. Connection to earlier Vitesse? 10. J ----- Jada Toys – Modern hip diecast cars with bling! In various scales. Jadi Modelcraft – 1:18 scale diecast (like a Triumph Stag). Paragon Models is one of their lines. JConcepts – made its only 1:10 radio-controlled off-road buggy (BJ4) JEP (Jouets de Paris) - Mostly plastic toys and cable control cars in the "Minia" line (Ralston 2007, pp. 28–29, 43). Jimson - Plastic toys made in Hong Kong (Ralston 2007, pp. 93,97). JMC Racing – French 1:8 radio-controlled buggies JNF - German tin toys and later plastic (Ralston 2007, pp. 68, 72). Joal – Sometimes called 'Joal Compact'. Diecast from Spain since the 1980s, mainly 1:50. Jo-Han – American producer of plastic promotional models and kits. Johnny Lightning – Hot Wheels like cars whether made by early Topper or Playing Mantis. After being owned by Tomy, as of January 2016, owned by Round 2 LLC (makers of Auto World). Jouef – French manufacturer of slot cars in 1:36 scale, some of which were also produced and sold in the UK by Mettoy-Corgi under the Playcraft brand. Jouefevolution – Jouef's 1990s line of diecast cars in 1:43 and 1:18 scale in bright yellow boxes. Joy Toy - Prolific Greek producer of plastic cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, p. 112). Juguetes Joaquin Valero / Comando - Plastic toy cars from Spain (Ralston 2007, pp. 53–54). Juguetes y Estufes SA / JYE / Jyesa - Spanish maker of tin and plastic cars (Ralston 2007, pp. 50, 53). JQ Products – 1:8 off-road buggies 11. K ----- K. K. Sakura - Japanese diecast maker in about 1:40 scale featuring single molded bodies all chromed then masked and painted to reveal chrome bumpers and grilles. Kaden models – Czech firm making mainly Škoda and Tatra models. Early plastic toys were ex-Politoys moulds. Took over Kovap Nachod (former CKO Kellerman models) and Gonio (Ralston 2007, pp. 110–111). Karpan - Spanish plastic toy maker from Ford Fiestas with cardboard interior to ride-on vehicles for toddlers (Ralston 2007, p. 59). KDN – Short for Kovodružstvo Náchod, later called Kaden models, see above. Kellerman (model cars) – German quality pressed steel cars and trucks, later taken over by Czech firm Kovap. Kenna Models British Manufacturer of 1:43 White Metal. Defunct. Morrises, etc. Kenner – Variety of plastic & diecast vehicles, particularly the Hot Wheels-like Fast 111s. Notable also are their plastic, solar powered 1:20 scale AMX and Charger. Kibri – Plastic 1:87 scale vehicles / kits. Especially nice are the military vehicles. Kinsmart- makes 1/43,1/24,1/64 scaled cars some pretty detailed Kingmaker Coal – British company, mainly models of British cars, trains and trucks. All models are made from British Coal. K-Line – Different scales/makes of cars like Welly made for Railroad sets. Kleeware - British company making licensed Ideal Toy products (Ralston 2007, p. 15). KM Group (aka KM Racing) – Nitro radio-control cars, first Hong Kong brand to win IFMAR Worlds in 2012 Korris Products Inc. – American cheaper plastic 1:25 scale toys and kits. Kosuge – Japanese pressed tin maker. Named for Matsuzo Kosuge former founder of Marusan. Kovap Náchod – Took over German firm Kellerman CKO and taken over later by Kovodružstvo Náchod / Kaden Kovodružstvo Náchod – Name of Czech firm shortened to KDN, and later Kaden models. Later associated with Kovap Náchod Kurt Becker KG – small German manufacturer from Berlin which built a 1:43 diecast model of the Auto Union Type A racing car in 1947/48. Kyosho – Japanese diecast and RC manufacturer. 12. L ----- La Mini Miniera – French race cars. Lanard Toys – Mostly cord action plastic toy cars and trucks, many very realistic. Lansdowne Models – the branch of Brooklin Models which deals specifically with British marques, as opposed to American cars. Lapin - Plastic toys and cars in the early 1950s (Ralston 2007, p. 83). Laro (company) – French radio-controlled cars. Lectricar Racing – early era electric radio-controlled cars Legend – 1:43 scale diecast, name used first with JouefEvolution, then by Universal Hobbies. Lego – Matchbox sized cars in the late 1950s through the 1960s (Force 2002, pp. 30–31, 96). Lemeco - Rare early 1950s diecast cars and military vehicles made in Denmark (Force 2002, pp. 32, 99). Lemezarugyar - Hungarian plastic toys (Ralston 2007, pp. 108–109). Lenyco / Geno-Lenyco - Danish firm making a Volvo PV544 model worthy of being a promotional (Force 2002, pp. 32, 99) Lesney – Original company that produced Matchbox. Combination of the first names of founders Leslie Smith and Rodney Smith. Liberty Classics, Inc. – Spin-off of Ertl – made many pickup trucks. Made SpecCast line. Lincoln International - Plastic toy cars made in Hong Kong (Ralston 2007, p. 90). Linda Toys - Hong Kong maker of plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 101). Lindberg Products – American maker of plastic kits and some promotional models. Skokie, Illinois. Lines Bros – Makers of Minic and Tri-Ang, which also made Spot-On Models. Lion Car – Also known as Lion Toys. Dutch diecast truck and car producer. Corgi-like (Force 2002, pp. 102-107). Lionel – Iconic American toy train company creating the first slot cars (1912), an HO line in the 1960s, and 1:50 scale trucks (made by...who?) about 1990. Also simple plastic toy cars and racing cars that ran on railroad tracks. Lledo (Days Gone, Vanguards) – It's the name Odell backwards. Former designer of Matchbox Models of Yesteryear. Product line now absorbed into Corgi Lone Star Toys – British diecast cars, one product of tool maker DCMT. Losi (aka Team Losi, TLR) – American manufacturer of remote control vehicles – 1:32 scale kits, 1:43 scale cars with dioramas, like Lamborghini Jota. Lucky Toys - Hong Kong producer of plastic toy cars (Ralston 2007, p. 91,93). Luso Toys – Portuguese diecast producer of 1:43 cars. Luxor - Plastic toys from the Netherlands (Ralston 2007, p. 107; Force 2002, pp. 34, 101). Luxury Diecast – Chinese but made for NY company, among other things 2009 Cadillac U.S. Presidential limousine in 1:43 scale. 13. M ----- M2 Machines – 1:24 and 1:64 scale diecast models of American cars and trucks of the 1950s, '60s, and '70s. Also includes Nissan/Datsun and Volkswagen models from 1960s and 1970s. Made by Castline. Ma Collection – Swiss-owned maker of hand-built 1:43-scale models, primarily of classic French cars. Maclovell Huon Pine Racing Cars – Tasmanian hand carved wood models Madison (see Conquest Models). Most models made by SMTS. Some made for Fa. Daimler House in the Netherlands. Maisto – American-owned, Thailand made conglomerate of May Cheong and May Tat. Models have excellent detail for price, with most scales covered. Majorette – French-owned maker of Matchbox-style toys, acquired Solido. Most models now made in Thailand. Mak's - Hong Kong producer of plastic cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, p. 91, 99-100). Mandarin – Matchbox sized cars made in Singapore. Mardave – British radio-controlled cars Märklin – Classic German manufacturer in various scales. Known for trains. Marks – German manufacturer in 1:87 and 1:160 Marqueart – Suppliers of high quality hand built 1:43 scale model cars. Martino Models – Handbuilt white metal models made by Marty Martino. Martoys – Larger 1:24 scale line made 1975–1976, then became Bburago. Marusan – Japanese plastic, tinplate, and diecast toys, founded by Matsuzo Kosuge. Marushin – Japan, diecast cars, airplanes, and other toys. Louis Marx and Company – American toy maker, usually plastic, some diecast zamac, made '48 Hudson promotional. Matchbox – Originally, the producer of small diecast vehicles from Hackney, London, England. Later expanded to additional lines such as Models of Yesteryear, Major Packs, King Size, Sky-Busters. Later owned by Universal Toys, then Tyco. Then Mattel. Matrix - Dutch-owned producer of high-quality resin model cars, primarily 1:43 scale. Mattel – Mainly Hot Wheels in various forms – other vehicles earlier than that. McGregor – Mexican reproductions of Italian Politoys, that ads called 'McGregor Politoys'. Some plastic models looked like reproductions from the French Safir. Mebetoys – Italian 1:43 scale producer started by Besana brothers who later started Martoys and Bburago. Meboto – Crude Turkish reproductions of 1:43 scale Italian Ediltoys. Mercury – Italian 1:43 scale manufacturer. Metosul – Oldest Portuguese diecast manufacturer, from same company as Osul plastics. Name often seen on boxes as MetOsul. Originally based in Espinho (outside of Oporto); most models in 1:43 scale, but also 1:50. Some models apparently Dinky tooling like Atlantean Bus. Mettoy – Manufacturer of many different kinds of trucks and cars in Great Britain. Gave rise to Corgi. Also made first HO slot car line (Playcraft Electric Highways), which was later manufactured and developed by Aurora. Micro Machines – Tiny plastic cars about 1.5 inches made by Lewis Galoob. Micro Models – New Zealand maker of Australian marketed vehicles. Micro-Racing – 1:8 off-road buggies Midgetoy – Tootsietoy-like single body castings late '60s early '70s – Rockford, IL. Mikansue – English White Metal models of American cars of the 1940s through 1960s. Milestone Models – South African 1:43 scale white metal models, mainly of Chrysler products. Milton Mini Auto – Corgi and Dinky reproductions and other toys made in India. Minex – British, 1:76 plastic car models. Minialuxe – French precision plastic models, similar to Cursor or early Brumm. Miniature Model Planning or MMP – Japanese makers of Ebbro. Miniatures du Mont-blanc – French manufacturer 1:43 (Berliet, Chevrolet, Saviem, Renault, Citroën, Jeep...) Minic – Tin models made by Triang in Britain, 1930s. Plastic cars and trucks through the 1960s (Ralston 2007, pp. 11, 22). Minichamps – German-owned manufacturer of die-cast zamac or resin models. Many different cars of all types. High quality models, originally 1:43, now also in other scales (especially 1:18). Motorcycles also. Minicraft – British maker of plastic kits. MiniMarque 43 - handbuilt 1:43 white metal cars. Miniroute – 1:43 scale resin handbuilt. Made in France. Mira – Spanish manufacturer of die-cast models in 1:64, 1:43, and 1:18 scales. Makes Carmania. Mitsuwa Model – Miniature pull back model cars Modarri – Generic toy cars with patented steering system. Model Factory Hiro – Japanese resin kit manufacturer. Often F1 cars in 1:12 scale. Model Power – Usually 1:87 scale HO trucks and cars. Model Products Corporation – See MPC. Model Racing Car – French 1:8 off-road buggies. Modern Products - A company that made earlier Morestone toys. See Budgie Toys for detail and sources. Mondo Motors – Italian diecast though made in China. Monogram models – American producer of plastic model kits, now under Revell Group of Hobbico. Mont-Blanc - French tin plastic toy and promotional maker for Citroen 1950s-1970s based in Romilly, France (Ralston 2007, p. 40). Morestone – British diecast models similar to early Matchbox. This is the name before they became Budgie Toys. Motor City USA – Expensive handbuilt 1:43 white metal cars (incl. related brands Design Studio, American Models, USA Models). Motormax – Chinese producer of a wide variety of different budget scale die cast models, 1:64 scale to 1;12 scale. Descendent of Zylmex and Redbox. MPC – American producer of promotional models and kits in plastic. Muovo – Finnish plastic car maker, about 1:50 scale. Muky – Argentine reproductions of certain earlier Hot Wheels dies. Metaloplastika-MP Sabac-Yugolasvia 1:43, 1:24 and 1:32 scale during the communist era and after it. Briefly make some Burago clones of slightly lower quality. 14. N ----- Nacoral Intercars – Diecast metal and plastic vehicles from Zaragoza, Spain. Some dies borrowed from Belgian Sablon. Neo Scale Models – German-owned (formerly Dutch) manufacturer of high quality resin models, mostly 1:43 scale. Often Saabs, but many cars and trucks. New-Ray – Hong Kong manufacturer of die-cast cars, motorbikes, trucks. Early offerings were toy-like while offerings circa 2012 have a precision promotional quality. NFIC - Hong Kong maker of plastic double deck buses and other toys (Ralston 1997, p. 98). – Japanese plastic kits – 1960s to 1980s. Nikko R/C – Originally tinplate toys. Contemporary plastic remote control cars, usually about 1:24 scale. Ninco – Spanish maker of 1:32 slot cars, track and digital control equipment Norev – French manufacturer of models in 1:64, 1:43, 1:18 and 1:87 scales. Initially plastic, though now Diecast. Circa 2010 now has brought back makers CIJ, Spot-On, and supposedly, JRD. Newer models made in China. Novacar – Portuguese producer of Matchbox size cars; acquired by Majorette. Novoexport – Russian export organization for Russian diecast. NP (Norddeutsche Plastikfabrik) – German brand of 1:43 scale soft plastic toy cars Nylint – Tonka like trucks of mostly pressed steel or plastic. Nyrhinen Ky – Finnish 1:22 scale plastic promotional producer. NZG – NZG Modell; German diecast maker of promotional trucks and some cars. 15. O ----- OK - Hong Kong manufacturer of plastic toy cars (Ralston 2007, pp. 90–92, 96). One43 – Collectible limited edition fine scale model cars in 1:43 scale Onyx – Portuquese Minibri's 1:43 line of Indy and other racing cars started about 1988. Osul – Tinplate, plastic and some diecast. Osul was an old Portuguese brand of plastic toys and other celuloid and plastic objects; Metosul (because of the contracted name – often seen as 'MetOsul') was a brand, for zamac toys, of the same company. They were both from Espinho, Portugal. Otaki Model Toy Company – Defunct Japanese plastic model manufacturer from the 1960s to 1980s. OttO Mobile – Mostly 1:18 scale French makes in Resin. Weird selections like the Citroen SM racing prototype. Oxford Diecast - British company - 1:18,1:43,1:50,1:72,1:76,1:87 and N Scale (British 1:148). 16. P ----- PA - See Plasticos Albacete. Palitoy - Rather simple plastic cars made in Britain (Ralston 2007, p. 14). Parma International (also Parma/PSE), slot cars Pathfinder – British manufacturer of 1:43 scale White Metal models of British cars from the 1940s to the 1970s. Paudi Model – Nissan Infiniti 1:18 and 1:43 scale die-cast models. Paul's Model Art – Formerly Danhausen, makes Minichamps, purchased AMR, associated with UT Models. PB Racing – British manufacturer of radio-controlled cars, active 1971–c1990s. Paya - Spanish tin toys and later plastic (Ralston 2007, pp. 51, 54). Penguin - British manufacturer of plastic toy cars (Ralston 2007, p. 21). Penn Line – American model train manufacturer briefly producing 1:52 slot sets endorsed by A. J. Foyt Penny – Matchbox sized cars made by Polistil. Pepe - Plastic taxis and other cars and vehicles (Ralston 2007, p. 106). Picco Micromotori – 1:8 IC track radio controlled cars in 1990s but known primarily as a glowplug engine manufacturer Piko - East German toys previously called Anker (Ralston 2007, p. 111). Plasticos Albacete / PA - Spanish plastic toy car maker (Ralston 2007, pp. 57–58). Plasticville - US plastic scenes, but also cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, p. 85). Playart – Hong Kong manufacturer of Matchbox sized diecast. Playcraft – British Toy company once owning Corgi and Aurora. See Mettoy. Product Miniatures Company – American promotional model maker from 1947 until about 1965. Mostly Chevrolets. PMC – Acronym for Product Miniatures Company. Pocher Model Cars – Made in Torino, Italy. Famous for its large sized (1:8), highly detailed car kits. Also naval guns and cannon models. Polfi Toys – Greek plastic and diecast toy maker. Many scales. Policar – Italian manufacturer of 1:32 slot cars and accessories. Poliguri – Portuguese manufacturer of toys and diecast cars, produced the brand name Guri car. Polistil – Italian (later name for Politoys) Politoys – Italian (earlier name of Polistil) PR – French diecast manufacturer. Odd vans and promotional trucks. Precision Miniatures – originally 1:43 white metal models, fused with Motor City USA; later 1:18 scale models. Premier Models – American plastic producer of kits, mainly from the 1950s and 1960s. Presu - East German plastic remote control cars with excellent detail (Ralston 2007, p. 110). Processed Plastics - Plastic toy cars, trucks and airplanes from USA (Ralston 2007, pp. 84–85). Progetto K – Italian diecast (originally resin) of mostly Italian cars. Similar to Brumm. Projecto Rallye 43 – Portugal Rally and Dakar Rally Raid Hand Built Resin Models. , mostly Italian racing cars, absorbed into Italeri, also larger metal kits sometimes 1:12 scale. Provence Moulage – Originally handbuilt 1:43 resin kits, made in France. Often show or concept cars. Line now owned by Norev. Now diecast? Pyro – American plastic kit producer in the early 1960s. Later taken over by Life-Like. 17. Q ----- QuarterMile – Handbuilt 1/43 scale models of American dragsters. Quartzo – 1:43 scale diecast racing model line of Portuguese Vitesse. Quiralu – French manufacturer of the early 1960s of 1:43 models. New castings in the 1980s–1990s (see below). Quiralu Re-editions – Made by Louis B. Surber. 18. R ----- RaCar – early era radio-controlled cars Racing Champions – Now part of RC2 with Ertl, made American muscle cars and racing cars, mostly in 1:64 scale. RC2 was sold to Takara Tomy in 2011, and in 2016 Round 2 LLC (makers of Auto World) has purchased the Racing Champions brand and permission to use some older Ertl toolings (but not the Ertl name). Radar - Portuguese plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 106). Radiosistemi – known for the Crono series of radio-controlled cars Real-X - Hong Kong manufacturer of very detailed 1:72 scale adult collectable model cars. Jewelled lights are a feature. Produces many Japanese sporting and performance vehicles. Record Breakers: World of Speed – A Hasbro line from the late 1980s to early 1990s. Redbox – Was Zylmex, became Motormax. Remco – Mostly Tonka-like toys and trucks. Renwal – Plastic generic vehicles in the 1940s and 1950s. Also many classic and more detailed 1:48 scale "Collector's Showcase Series" kits in the 1960s. Revell – American model kit producer owned by Hobbico. Revell AG Germany – Former subsidiary of American Revell, now a separate company. Revival International – Italian Manufacturer of Highly Detailed 1:20 metal and plastic models. Rextoys – 1:43 diecast French/Swiss producer of mostly 1930s era cars. Ribeirinho - Plastic toy cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, p. 105). Ricko – Hong Kong Chinese manufacturer in 1:87 scale, having own brand "Ricko" and producing models for "Brekina" & "Starmada". Rico - Spanish tin and plastic toy maker set up by ex-Paya employees (Ralston 2007, pp. 51–52). Rietze Automodelle – German (Altdorf, Nuremberg) manufacturer of plastic models mainly in 1:87 scale (H0), buses/coaches, cars, vans, trucks, some 1:160 scale (N gauge). Since 1983. Rio – Italian manufacturer of 1:43 scale classic models, 1900–1960. RO Models Workshop – Czech manufacturer of trucks & military vehicles. Lots of Tatras. Road Champs – Diecast in 1:64 and 1:43 scale of mostly American cars of the 1950s and 1960s. Roadmaster – name of Lone Star toys made by DCMT. Robbe Robeddie – Defunct Brooklin line making Swedish Volvos and Saabs. Roche Products International – Hong Kong radio-controlled car brand, 2016 IFMAR Worlds champion Roco – Austrian manufacturer of model railways, and early plastic toys. Similar to Herpa. Mostly 1:87 scale (H0) and known for military vehicles (Ralston 2007, pp. 103, 105). Roskopf (RMM) – German manufacturer in 1:100 scale plastic military vehicles (1960s/1970s), 1980s to 1990s 1:87 scale (H0) plastic models, mostly German, French and Swiss trucks and buses. Was sold to Wiking. Rosso Corporation – Short lived high end plastic scale model manufacturer from Japan, 1:43, 1:24, 1:8 scale. Les Rouliers - French Matchbox sized cars in metal. Some plastic cars also (Ralston 2007, p. 41). RyM - Plastic toys from Argentina (Ralston 2007, p. 114). 19. S ----- S & J Models - British Whitemetal Kit and ready built Rover SDI and Sierra XR4i Kits mid to late 1980's Total Production about 800 models. Sablon - Belgian maker of diecast in 1:43 known for bad chemical reactions of plastic wheels to rubber tires (Force 2002, pp. 101-102). Safir – French producer, diecast metal early, then plastic veteran cars, and plastic Grand Prix cars in the 1970s. Sakura - see K.K. Sakura. Sam Toys - Italian firm in 1950s that later were made as East German Espewe (Ralston 2007, p. 61). Sanwa – Japanese radio-controlled car (for a short period), now famous for R/C transmitters. Scale Model Products – SMP was leading American plastic producer of promotional models, introduced the 3 in 1 kit, acquired by AMT. Scalextric – The longest-established manufacturer of model slot cars. Creator of the landmark 1:32 slot car line in 1957. Schabak Modell – Made Ford and other German model cars in the 1990s mainly in 1:43 scale, known particularly for aircraft liveries. Schuco Modell – Traditional German toy producer in all kinds of scales. Very good detail, especially in 1:43. SCX – Spanish manufacturer of 1:43 and 1:32 slot cars and 1:32 digital slot car systems. Formerly Scalextric of Spain. Sold under the brand name Scalextric in Spain and Mexico. Outside those markets, sold under the brand name SCX. Septoy - Earlier name for Gasquy - Septoy of Belgium in late 1940s (Force 2002, p. 100). Serpent – Dutch radio controlled cars. Sesame - French toy plastic trucks (Ralston 2007, pp. 29, 43-44). SG Racing Cars – Italian radio-controlled cars Shepherd Micro Racing – Italian 1:8 radio-controlled IC track cars Shinsei Mini Power (models) – Cranes and construction vehicles, also plastic toy and remote control cars. Siccom – Italian 1:8 radio-controlled buggies Signature Models – Detailed 1:32 scale diecast models often sold in museums and dealerships. Siku – German model manufacturer, mostly Matchbox size (Force 2002, pp. 116-138). Simex - Plastic cars made in Argentina first and later Colombia (Ralston 2007, pp. 115–116). SK - Hong Kong maker of plastic toys (Ralston 2007, p. 92). Slik Toys – Aluminum toys made in Lansing, Iowa. Shine Dew- ODM/OEM model train factory in China,Duangdong. Slottech – US Manufacturer of HO (1/64th) slot cars. Slot.it – Italian manufacturer of 1:32 slot cars and accessories. Small Wheels – A brand name of Western Models. Smer – Longtime Czech producer of mainly plastic cars and trucks about 1:43 scale. Some kits (Ralston 2007, p. 109). SMTS – Scale Model Technical Services. Prolific white metal manufacturer, from Hastings, England, with their own range, also making brass masters for many other manufacturers, e.g. Conquest/Madison. Solido – French manufacturer of good quality 1:43 and 1:18 scale models Soma – Tonka – like toys, mainly trucks. Somerville – British manufacturer of 1:43 scale white metal models, especially British cars of the 1930s and 40s Speedy – Matchbox sized line of cars made by Mercury of Italy. Spot-on – 1:42 scale die-cast made by Triang in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Eventually bought by Dinky. Resurrected by Norev. Stahlberg Models – Finnish plastic promos of Swedish Saabs and Volvos, mostly in 1:20 scale. Starter Models – 1:43 scale, mostly GP and NASCAR handbuilt resin kits. Made in Marseilles, France. Stelco – German brand of 1:43 scale soft plastic and 1:64 scale hard plastic toy cars Stjerne - Danish diecast from the 1950s, most models similar to Vilmer (Force 2002, pp. 30, 96). Strombecker/Bachmann – American Manufacturer started in 1962. 1/32 slot cars. Formerly Strombecker was a separate company making slot cars and Bachman, electric train sets. Studio 27 – high end scale model and accessory manufacturer from Japan Sun Star – Chinese mostly 1:18 scale. Nicely done, especially limousines and pickup trucks. In 2000s moved into European racing cars of many types. 20. T ----- Takara Tomy – Japanese diecast manufacturer, mostly Matchbox size. Known as Tomy in English speaking countries. Tomica – Japanese diecast manufacturer, Tomy brand, mostly Matchbox size. Later models made in China and Vietnam. Tomy – Japanese toy company making many different kinds of vehicles, and more. Makes Matchbox sized Tomica. Also Takara Tomy in Japan. Tomytec – Subsidiary of Takara Tomy, mostly HO scale plastic cars. Tameo Kits – Italian 1:43 scale model manufacturer, often F1 kits. Tamiya – Japanese high quality die-cast manufacturer, more famous for plastic kits and RC cars. First 1960s exports were a range of 1/24 slot car kits. Some 1:43 scale diecast as well. Team Azarashi – radio controlled cars Team Durango – radio controlled cars Tekno – manufacturer of 1:43 scale die-cast models originally based in Denmark; now known for truck models (Force 2002, pp. 4–26). Telsalda - Hong Kong manufacturer of plastic trucks and vans. Tenth Technology (TTech) – 1:10 radio-controlled buggies, best known for the Predator buggy Testors Corporation – Known early on for model paints, later made plastic toy cars, plastic kits and metal kits, in association with Bburago and (later) Maisto. Also paired up with Italeri and Fujimi. Thunder Tiger – Remote control buggies and monster trucks. Tin Wizard – High quality 1:43 scale resin models made in Germany. Tokyo Marui – Japanese manufacturer who briefly made plastic model car kits. Tomte Laerdal – Norwegian brand of 1:43 scale soft plastic toy cars using dies of old Dinkys and sometimes Tekno (Force 2002, p 99). Tonka – US manufacturer of toy trucks and other vehicles. Often pressed steel, and often large scale. Tootsietoy – American manufacturer of die-cast vehicles, produced their first model car in 1911. Top Model – 1:43 diecast Ferraris, Alfas, Aston-Martins, Renault Alpines and others in the spirit of Box or Bang. Total Control Racing – A slotless HO Scale slot car system introduced in the late 1970s Toy State – More toy-like plastic cars and trucks, but many farm and other products are fairly realistic. Trax Models – Australian cars mainly in 1:43 scale – made in China. Owned by Top Gear. Traxxas – American manufacturer model nitro and electric car producer specialises in 1/10 scale cars. Tri-ang – English and Northern Irish concern - Minic line – trains, tin cars, diecast – including Spot-On. Trident – Austrian 1:87 scale plastic models. Trincorp, trading name of Team Trinity – radio-control cars Trofeu – Portuguese manufacturer specializing in 1/43 scale rally cars. Trumpeter – Nicely detailed kits and models. Cars and military besides aircraft. Trux – Truck line of Australian Trax. Owned by Top Gear. Tudor Rose - British maker of plastic cars and trucks (Ralston 2007, p. 23). Tyco Toys – American manufacturer of HO Scale cars and sets. Owned Matchbox during the 1990s. 21. U ----- Ungar – Kits from the 1960s, U.S. race cars, toy slot car sets, woodburning kits; at times associated with Eldon (toy company). Unimax – Chinese manufacturer of military diecast (especially tanks) and 'Radline RC' remote control vehicles. Universal Hobbies – Eagle became this (out of Jouefevolution). UT Models – Retired brand name of the former Gateway Global, sister company to AUTOart, also associated with Paul's Model Art. 22. V ----- V & V Model – From Czech Republic VAM - Plastic toy maker from Zaragosa, Spain (Ralston 2007, p. 59). Vanguards – Or "Days Gone Vanguards". Line of '50s and '60s mostly British cars and trucks made by Lledo. Vape-Bourbon - French plastic trucks (Ralston 2007, pp. 28–29, 42). Verem – Majorette subsidiary producing old dies of Solido. Victory Industries of Guildford – 1:20 plastic models and 1:32 slot cars. Victory Models – Handbuilt 1:43 resin cars (incl. related brand La Familia) Vilmer - Danish diecast similar to some of Tekno's earlier trucks. Mostly trucks (Force 2002, pp. 27–29, 92-93). Vitesse Models – 1:43 diecast metal models from Portugal. Later connected to Ixo?

  • Top Alcohol


    injected dragster of Krister Johansson from Sweden; below, the supercharged methanol-burning car of Germany's Dennis Habermann.Top Alcohol refers to two different classes in professional drag racing: Top Alcohol Dragster and the Top Alcohol Funny Car. Commonly known as "alky" cars, both are akin in design to the premier Top Fuel classes, but less powerful (about ). In Top Alcohol Dragster, the cars used supercharged ("blown") engines, burning alcohol (methanol). Top Alcohol Funny Cars look similar to Fuel Funny Cars, with about half the power of a Top Fuel car. In this class only alcohol cars with three-speed transmissions are allowed. Top Alcohol was devised in the 1970s as a replacement for the Top Gas class, which was similar but burned gasoline. Initially, alcohol dragsters competed against Funny Cars in a category known as Pro Comp, before a separate class, Top Alcohol Funny Car, was created in the 1980s. It was within IHRA's version of this class use of ethanol fuel was pioneered with great success by Mark Thomas, an Ohio farmer who became a five-time champion within that organization.

  • Radio-controlled car


    Radio controlled (or R/C) cars are battery/gas-powered model cars or trucks that can be controlled from a distance using a specialized transmitter or remote. The term "R/C" has been used to mean both "remote controlled" and "radio controlled", where "remote controlled" includes vehicles that are connected to their controller by a wire, but common use of "R/C" today usually refers to vehicles controlled by a radio-frequency link. This article focuses on radio-controlled vehicles only. Cars are powered by various sources. Electric models are powered by small but powerful electric motors and rechargeable nickel-cadmium, nickel metal hydride, or lithium polymer cells. There are also brushed or brushless electric motors. Most fuel-powered models use glow plug engines, small internal combustion engines fueled by a special mixture of nitromethane, methanol, and oil (in most cases a blend of castor oil and synthetic oil). These are referred to as "nitro" cars. Recently, exceptionally large models have been introduced that are powered by small gasoline engines, similar to string trimmer motors, which use a mix of oil and gasoline.

Map Box 1